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ID: 927745
User: 71.14.144.66
Article: Non-governmental organization
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(Definition of NGO)
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==Definition of NGO==
 
==Definition of NGO==
NGOs are difficult to define and classify due to the term’s inconsistent use. To attempt a classification of NGOs requires a framework that includes the orientation and the organization's level of operation. An NGO's orientation refers to the type of activities an organization takes on. These activities might include environmental, development, or advocacy work. An NGO's level of operation indicates the scale at which an organization works on, like the difference in work between an international NGO and community or national NGO.<ref>{{cite web|author=Vakil, Anna C. |url=http://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/wdevel/v25y1997i12p2057-2070.html |title=Vakil, Anna. "Confronting the Classification Problem: Toward a Taxonomy of NGOs" |publisher=Ideas.repec.org |date=2011-12-02 |accessdate=2011-12-20}}</ref>
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NGOs are difficult to define and classify due to the term’s inconsistent use. To attempt a classification of NGOs requires a framework that includes the orientation and the organization's level of operation. An NGO's orientation refers to the type of activities an organization takes on. These activities might include environmental, development, or advocacy work. An NGO's level of operation indicates the scale at which an organization works on, like the difference in work between an international NGO and community or national NGO.<ref>{{cite web|author=Vakil, Anna C. |url=http://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/wdevel/v25y1997i12p2057-2070.html |title=Vakil, Anna. "Confronting the Classification Problem: Toward a Taxonomy of NGOs" |publisher=Ideas.repec.org |date=2011-12-02 |accessdate=2011-12-20}}</ref>fatty
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One of the earliest mentions of the term "NGO" was in 1945, when the UN was created. The UN introduced the term "NGO" to distinguish between the participation of international private organizations and intergovernmental specialized agencies. According to the UN, all kinds of private organizations that are independent from government control can be recognized as "NGOs." "NGOs" cannot seek to diminish a nation's government in the shape of an opposing political party; NGOs also need to be non-criminal and non-profit. Professor Peter Willets, from the City University of London, argues the definition of NGOs can be interpreted differently by various organizations and depending on a situation’s context. He defines an NGO as “"an independent voluntary association of people acting together on a continuous basis for some common purpose other than achieving government office, making money or illegal activities." In this view, two main types of NGOs are recognized according to the activities they pursue: operational and campaigning NGO’s. Although Willets proposes the operational and campaigning NGOs as a tool to differentiate the main activities of these organizations, he also explains that they have more similarities than differences. Their activities are unrestricted; thus operational NGOs may need to campaign and campaigning NGOs may need to take on structural projects.<ref name="staff.city.ac.uk">{{cite web|author=Peter Willetts, Professor of Global Politics, City University, London |url=http://www.staff.city.ac.uk/p.willetts/CS-NTWKS/NGO-ART.HTM |title=Willets, Peter. "What is a Non-Governmental Organization?" |publisher=Staff.city.ac.uk |date= |accessdate=2011-12-20}}</ref>
 
One of the earliest mentions of the term "NGO" was in 1945, when the UN was created. The UN introduced the term "NGO" to distinguish between the participation of international private organizations and intergovernmental specialized agencies. According to the UN, all kinds of private organizations that are independent from government control can be recognized as "NGOs." "NGOs" cannot seek to diminish a nation's government in the shape of an opposing political party; NGOs also need to be non-criminal and non-profit. Professor Peter Willets, from the City University of London, argues the definition of NGOs can be interpreted differently by various organizations and depending on a situation’s context. He defines an NGO as “"an independent voluntary association of people acting together on a continuous basis for some common purpose other than achieving government office, making money or illegal activities." In this view, two main types of NGOs are recognized according to the activities they pursue: operational and campaigning NGO’s. Although Willets proposes the operational and campaigning NGOs as a tool to differentiate the main activities of these organizations, he also explains that they have more similarities than differences. Their activities are unrestricted; thus operational NGOs may need to campaign and campaigning NGOs may need to take on structural projects.<ref name="staff.city.ac.uk">{{cite web|author=Peter Willetts, Professor of Global Politics, City University, London |url=http://www.staff.city.ac.uk/p.willetts/CS-NTWKS/NGO-ART.HTM |title=Willets, Peter. "What is a Non-Governmental Organization?" |publisher=Staff.city.ac.uk |date= |accessdate=2011-12-20}}</ref>
Reason: ANN scored at 0.914816
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:36:41 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:36:41 PM #101727
Bradley (anonymous)

8aOVE2 http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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