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ID: 951750
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Article: New Mills
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New Mills is a scrubby town with aload of loaners and an amazing primary school; Newtown Primaryn but the head teacher is Bad!!
{{For|other uses|New Mills (disambiguation)}}
 
{{Infobox UK place
 
| official_name= New Mills
 
|static_image = [[Image:New mills 619280 883f5111.jpg|240px]]
 
|static_image_caption=<small>[[Torr Vale Mill]] in 1982 when the mill was still in use.</small>
 
| country= England
 
| region= East Midlands
 
| population = 9,625
 
| population_ref = (Parish)
 
| os_grid_reference= SJ995855
 
| latitude= 53.367
 
| longitude= -2.007
 
|shire_district= [[High Peak, Derbyshire|High Peak]]
 
|shire_county = [[Derbyshire]]
 
| post_town= HIGH PEAK
 
| postcode_area= SK
 
| postcode_district= SK22
 
| dial_code= 01663
 
| constituency_westminster= [[High Peak (UK Parliament constituency)|High Peak]]
 
| civil_parish= New Mills
 
| shire_district=[[High Peak, Derbyshire|High Peak]]
 
| shire_county=[[Derbyshire]]
 
}}
 
'''New Mills''' is a town in [[Derbyshire]], [[England]] approximately {{convert|8|mi}} south-east of [[Stockport]] and {{convert|15|mi}} from [[Manchester]]. It is sited at the confluence of the rivers [[River Goyt|Goyt]] and [[River Sett|Sett]], on the border of [[Cheshire]]. The town stands above the Torrs, a {{convert|70|ft}} deep gorge, cut through Woodhead Hill Sandstone of the [[Carboniferous]] period. It is situated at the north-western edge of the [[Peak District]], England's first [[National parks of England and Wales|national park]]. It has a population of approximately 10,000. New Mills can refer to the built-up area that includes [[Newtown, Derbyshire|Newtown]] and Low Leighton, or the civil parish that includes the villages and hamlets of Thornsett, [[Hague Bar]], [[Rowarth]], [[Brookbottom]], Gowhole, and most of [[Birch Vale]].
 
 
New Mills was first noted for [[coal mining]], and then for [[Cotton mill|cotton spinning]] and then [[Textile bleaching|bleaching]] and [[Calico (textile)|calico printing]]. New Mills was served by the [[Peak Forest Canal]], three railway lines and the [[A6 road (England)|A6 trunk road]]. Redundant mills were bought up in the mid-twentieth century by a children's sweet manufacturer. New Mills was a stronghold of [[Methodism]].
 
 
<!-- Advised order in a settlement article
 
# 1.2 Lead*
 
# 1.3 History
 
# 1.4 Governance
 
# 1.5 Geography
 
# 1.6 Demography
 
# 1.7 Economy
 
# 1.8 Landmarks
 
# 1.9 Transport
 
# 1.10 Education
 
# 1.11 Religious sites
 
# 1.12 Sport
 
# 1.13 Public services -->
 
 
==History==
 
New Mills is in the area formerly known as Bowden Middlecale<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~cczappdv/epnnewmap/detailpop.php?placeno=3263|title=English Place-Name Society Database at Nottingham University|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref> which was a grouping of ten hamlets. The name of New Mylne (New Mills) was given to it from a corn-mill, erected in 1391, near to the present Salem Mill on the [[River Sett]] in the hamlet of [[Ollersett]].<ref name=nmlhs>[http://homepages.nildram.co.uk/~bmdent/history.html New Mills Local History Society] Web site</ref> This was adjacent to a convenient bridge over the Sett. By the late sixteenth century the name was applied to the group of houses that grew up round it. [[Coal mining]] was the first industry of the district, with up to 40 small pits and mines exploiting the Yard Seam. The climate, good construction stone and the availability of stable land by fast-flowing water was ideal for cotton spinning. [[Cotton mill]]s and [[Calico (textile)|print-works]] were built in the Torrs Gorge from 1788. Dwellings were built on the sides of the gorge, sometimes with one home built on top of another, both being entered at their respective street levels. Examples still exist on Station Road and Meal Street.
 
 
By 1810, New Mills had nine cotton mills, plus three weaving mills and at least three printworks.<ref name="sl22"/>
 
 
Pigot's Directory 1835 describes New Mills:
 
:''NEW MILLS, an extensive hamlet, in the parish of Glossop, and in the High Peak hundred, is 14 miles from Manchester, 6 from Chapel-en-le-Frith, and 8 from Stockport. It is pleasantly situate on the borders of Derbyshire and Cheshire; and, within a comparatively few years, has risen to importance in the manufacturing district; cotton spinning being carried on here to a considerable extent, affording employment to numerous hands.
 
''
 
:''The factories are in a great measure hid from public view in passing through the village, being built at the foot of the stream, under high towering rocks. Good house coal, as well as other kinds for the purposes of machinery, is obtained near to the village, the top bed strata running from sixteen to twenty inches thick. The village is built chiefly upon a stone quarry, but the soil in many parts is fertile, producing good crops of wheat and potatoes.''<ref name="Pigots1835">{{cite book |title=Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire |publisher=Pigot and Co |year=1835 |url=http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DBY/NewMills/History.html|accessdate=2009-11-28 |trans_title=Rosemary Lockie}}</ref>
 
 
[[File:Newtown, New Mills 1863.JPG|thumb|The mills at Newtown]]
 
A second group of 'later' mills formed by the newly opened [[Peak Forest Canal]] in Newtown, a hamlet 800 m away on the other side of the Goyt in what was then the parish of [[Disley]] in [[Cheshire]]. Increasingly these mills and houses merged into New Mills. The soft iron-free water was suitable for bleaching and finishing and printing. With the advent of steam, and the growth of the canal network to transport raw cotton, coal and the finished product, bigger mills were built and the smaller isolated rural mills were no longer competitive. By 1846, most of New Mills' mills had stopped spinning. The small mills moved out of cotton; the larger mills along the canal moved into finishing. Torr Vale Mill had added a weaving shed in 1836, and moved into producing towelling.<ref name="sl22"/>
 
 
The commercial method of [[Calico (textile)|calico]] printing using engraved rollers was invented in 1821 in New Mills. [[John Potts (Engraver)|John Potts]] of Potts, Oliver and Potts used a copper-engraved master to produce rollers to transfer the inks.<ref name="Glover216">{{cite book|last=Glover|first=Stephen|title=The history and gazetteer of the county of Derby|year=1831|page=216|url=http://books.google.com/?id=BsoHAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=&f=false|accessdate=2009-11-26}}</ref>
 
 
[[File:New Mills, Torrs Hydro 1641.JPG|thumb|The Union Bridge and the packhorse bridge it replaces. The gritstone strata of the gorge are visible.]]
 
Before the construction of the high-level bridges the Torrs was a major obstacle; traffic had to descend {{convert|70|ft}} to cross the Goyt and then climb {{convert|70|ft}} on the other bank. The first bridge to be constructed was the Queens Bridge on Church Road. The Union Road bridge was built in 1884;<ref name="dd">{{cite web|url=http://www.derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk/newmills.htm|title=Newmills |year=2009|publisher=Discover Derbyshire and the Peak District|accessdate=29 November 2009}}</ref> obtaining the land was difficult, as the arches needed to pass close to Torr Mill and properties on the Cheshire (south) bank, and Torr Top Hall had to be demolished. The new road was named after the 'union' of the two halves of the town. The first station in New Mills was at Newtown, on the [[Stockport, Disley and Whaley Bridge Railway]]; this opened 9 June 1855. This followed the line of the [[Peak Forest Canal]] staying safely away from the Torrs. The [[Sheffield and Midland Railway Companies' Committee]] company built two viaducts across the Goyt: one for a line to [[New Mills Central]] that opened in 1864, and one for the fast line through the [[Disley Tunnel]] which opened in 1904.
 
 
Cotton continued to be worked at Torr Vale Mill until 2000, giving the mill over two hundred years of service.
 
 
In the great storm of June 1872, Grove Mill and Torr Vale weir were destroyed; at Rock Mill, then being used to make paper, two blocks of buildings and considerable stock and some machinery were lost, but the only fatalities were two cows.<ref name="cow">{{cite web|url=http://www.stevelewis.me.uk/page28.php|title=The Great Floods of New Mills|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref>
 
 
<blockquote>
 
The River Goyt at about two o’clock a.m. on Wednesday was from 12ft to 14ft above its usual height...At New Mills, where the Goyt is joined by the River Kinder, extensive damage was done to property. The paper works of Messrs. Schlosser and Co. were damaged upwards of £1,500 as two blocks of buildings were completely washed away – one portion contained a large quantity of paper. The works of Mr. W.S. Lowe also sufferd severely, the damage being estimated at £300. Two strong stone weirs were washed away and two bridges; many acres of land were flooded.<ref name="Manchester Times">{{cite news|title=Severe thunderstorm and floods: Loss of life and damage to property|last=Anon|date=22 June 1872|work=Manchester Times|accessdate=4 April 2010}}</ref><small> - ''Manchester Times''</small>
 
</blockquote>
 
 
This was minor compared with events at [[Whaley Bridge]], where [[Toddbrook Reservoir]] was overtopped and another reservoir known as Adsheads Pools breached completely, the waters sweeping through the centre of the village of Hurdsfield.<ref name="Manchester Times"/> The June 1930 flood was more serious for New Mills. Heavy rain over the area culminating in a cloudburst over Rowarth caused the River Sett to rise rapidly by up to {{convert|20|ft}}. Many properties on Brookside were flooded and destroyed and one rescuer was drowned. Hyde Bank Road was engulfed and buildings collapsed at Arnfield's foundry. At [[Rowarth]], the remains of the Little Mill and the landlord of the Little Mill Inn were swept away. At Watford Bridge the river took away part of the printworks, and at Bate Mill gouged a new channel taking with it the sewage plant, 250 tons of coal, most of the road and the gas main. At Birch Vale, the problem was caused by the waters cascading down from [[Lantern Pike]]; the culvert being inadequate, the roadways became rivers washing away sections of walling. Much livestock perished.<ref name=cow/>
 
 
==Governance==
 
[[Image:NewMillsTownHall.JPG|thumb|New Mills Town Hall (built 1871, clock tower added 1875)]]
 
Now almost entirely in [[Derbyshire]], New Mills straddled the [[Historic counties of England|historic county boundaries]] of Derbyshire and [[Cheshire]]. The traditional boundary was the River Goyt: Low Leighton, Torr Top and Hidebank were always in Derbyshire, but Torr Vale Road and all of Newtown were in Cheshire. Indeed, today, all the housing to the west of the traffic lights on the Buxton Road remains in the parish of [[Disley]] in Cheshire.
 
 
The area was part of the [[Forest of High Peak|Royal Forest of the Peak]] which passed into the hands of the [[Duchy of Lancaster]] in 1372. The ten hamlets, in three groups:
 
 
*Great Hamlet, Phoside and Kinder;
 
*Beard, Ollersett, Thornsett and Whitle;
 
*Chinley, Bugsworth and Brownside
 
 
made up Bowden Middlecale. The new manorial mill or the ''New Mylne'' of 1391 was at Beard. In 1713 the hamlets of Beard, Ollersett, Thornsett and Whitle were formed into a township and a new corn mill was built at Ollersett. This was superseded by the New Mills Urban Sanitary Authority in 1876.<ref name=dd/> The New Mills Urban District Council operated from 1894 until 1974, when it was abolished. The town now has a town council,<ref name=nmtcc>[http://www.newmillstowncouncil.com/html/council.html Town council]</ref> is part of [[High Peak Borough Council|High Peak Council]], and [[Derbyshire County Council]].
 
 
[[Andrew Bingham]], a [[Conservative Party (UK)|Conservative Party]] member, is the [[member of Parliament]] for the [[High Peak (constituency)|High Peak constituency]].
 
 
On Derbyshire County Council, New Mills is in the New Mills division along with Hayfield and Sett. The seat is held by Beth Atkins for the Liberal Democrats. On High Peak Council, Sett has one councillor, New Mills East has two councillors and New Mills West has two councillors.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.highpeak.gov.uk/council/wards.asp|title=High Peak Council|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref> The New Mills Town Council is chaired by the [[Liberal Democrats]].
 
{{clear}}
 
 
==Geography==
 
[[File:New Mills, River Sett 1623.JPG|thumb|The Torrs is a gorge through Woodhead Hill Sandstone in New Mills. The River Sett approaches its confluence with the River Goyt. Spanning the Sett is the 1864 viaduct on the Hope Valley Line, which has emerged from a tunnel on the right, under Union Road.]]
 
New Mills is approximately {{convert|182|mi}} NNW of London and 8 miles (13&nbsp;km) south-east of Stockport. It borders on [[Disley]], in [[Cheshire]], and [[Marple, Greater Manchester|Marple]], in the [[Metropolitan Borough of Stockport|Stockport Metropolitan Borough]] in [[Greater Manchester]]. The town is on the north-western edge of the [[Peak District]], but only a small part of it is included within the boundaries of the National Park. The town includes the hamlets of Thornsett, Hague Bar, [[Rowarth]], [[Brookbottom]], Gowhole, and most of [[Birch Vale]].
 
 
At its lowest point the parish is about 120m above sea level, but the valley sides rise to 370m at the highest points above Rowarth. The watercourses to the north, particularly the Rowarth Brook, drain the southward slopes of Mellor Moor, Cown Edge and [[Lantern Pike]]. The [[River Sett|Sett]] and its tributary the [[River Kinder|Kinder]] drain much of the plateau of [[Kinder Scout]]; the Sett flows through [[Hayfield]] before passing through Birch Vale to the Torrs and the River Goyt. The Goyt rises on the moors of [[Axe Edge]], near the [[River Dane]] and the [[Cat and Fiddle Inn]] between [[Buxton]] and [[Macclesfield]]. It passes through [[Whaley Bridge]], where it is joined by the Todd Brook and the Black Brook from [[Chapel-en-le-Frith]]. The sides of the Goyt valley have been used to carry two railway lines, the [[Peak Forest Canal]] and the [[A6 road (England)|A6 trunk road]] from [[London]] to [[Carlisle, Cumbria|Carlisle]] via [[Manchester]]; these all pass through New Mills.
 
 
Geologically speaking, New Mills lies in the north–south-orientated [[syncline]], the [[Goyt Trough]]. The base rocks are from the [[Carboniferous]] period, with underlying [[Namurian]] [[gritstone]] sandstones, from 333 M a.to 313 M a. Above there are [[coal measure]]s present ([[Langsettian]] from 312 M a.).<ref name="Mellor">{{cite journal|last=Johnson|first=R.H.|year=2008|title=The Physical Landscape of Mellor|publisher=Mellor Archaeological Trust | url=http://www.rhj.uwclub.net/MellorLandscape.htm | accessdate=2009-12-05}}</ref> This was folded in the [[Variscan orogeny]] into the Goyt Trough syncline. Coal has been mined at over 30 locations in the area, including Pingot Pit. There are three narrow seams of coal present: the Red Ash, Little Mine and the Yard Seam. The Yard Coal is so named because that is the average thickness of the seam; it is the lowest seam and rests on [[Gritstone|Woodhead Hill Sandstone]]. In these seams [[lead ore]] has also been extracted.<ref name="pdmhs2002">{{cite journal|last=Heathcote|first=Chris|date=Summer 2002|title=Lead veins within the coal mines around Whaley Bridge, New Mills and Bugsworth, Derbyshire|journal=Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society | issue=15 | url=http://www.pdmhs.com/BulletinIndexVolume15.asp | accessdate=2009-11-29}}</ref> Beardmoor Colliery, Ollersett or Burnt Edge Colliery and Lee or New Mills Colliery all worked the {{convert|3|foot}} seam. {{Convert|1|cuyd}} of coal weighs about half an imperial ton, and the Yard Seam would produce 4500 tons per acre. Bigrave Edge or Broadmoor Edge Colliery worked the Red Ash seam, which was only {{convert|18|inch}} thick.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stevelewis.me.uk/page4.php|title=New Mills mines and mining|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref>
 
 
The syncline was buried in younger rocks of the [[Tertiary Period]]. These were eroded, not least by the scouring of the [[Ice Age]] ice sheets and the pressures of the meltwaters when temperatures rose. New Mills was on the margins of glaciation, and the meltwaters sought additional routes under the ice for run off. They exploited faults and crevices in the underlying rock. In the Torrs Gorge, the Rivers Goyt and Sett cut a new channel into the strata of the Woodhead Hill Sandstone which forms the centre of New Mills. A mantle of glacial sediment, principally gravels, covered the whole of the braided valleys. In the [[Pleistocene]] period, of 12.9 k a to 11.6 k a, the rivers re-formed into single channels, and meanders were formed. These became very distorted above the constrictions of the gorges. Down cutting occurred, exposing previous layers, creating terraces that were covered with silty clay [[alluvium]].<ref name=Mellor/>
 
{{Geographic Location
 
|title = '''Neighbouring towns, villages and places.'''|Northwest = [[Marple, Greater Manchester|Marple]] (village)
 
|North = [[Glossop]] (town)
 
|Northeast = [[Kinder Scout]] (hill)
 
|West = [[Disley]] (village)
 
|Centre = New Mills
 
|East = [[Hayfield]] (village)
 
|Southwest = [[Lyme Park]] (country house)
 
|South = [[Whaley Bridge]] (town), [[Chinley]] (village)
 
|Southeast = [[Chapel-en-le-Frith]] (town)
 
}}
 
 
<!--
 
This sections is missing
 
 
# 1.6 Demography
 
-->
 
 
==Transport==
 
[[File:New Mills, Torr Vale above 1748.JPG|thumb|New Mills Central railway station {{convert|70|ft}} above the River Goyt in the Torrs. Beneath the railway is the Millennium Walkway, with Torr Vale Mill on the opposite bank.]]
 
 
===Rail===
 
New Mills is served by two railway stations: [[New Mills Central railway station|New Mills Central]] on the [[Hope Valley line]] on the north bank of the [[River Goyt]], and [[New Mills Newtown railway station|New Mills Newtown]] on the [[Buxton Line]] which runs on the south bank on the 175m contour. The main Manchester to Sheffield 'fast' line passes through between the town centre and Newtown, by-passing the stations. It emerges from the Disley Tunnel on a lower (150m) contour than the canal on the south bank, crosses the Goyt on a viaduct, and is joined by the Hope Valley Line at New Mills South Junction. A short branch of the Midland railway once led to the village of [[Hayfield]]. This was dismantled in 1970 and is now the [[Sett Valley Trail]], which stretches for 2½ miles to the north-east of the town.
 
 
===Bus===
 
The town also has a bus station, which is served by Bowers Coaches 61 ([[Glossop]]/New Mills/[[Buxton]]), Bowers Coaches 62 and 62a ([[Chapel-en-le-Frith]]/[[Hayfield]]/New Mills/[[Marple, Greater Manchester|Marple]]), TM Travel 67 ([[Manchester]]/New Mills/[[Tideswell]]/[[Chesterfield]]), Stagecoach Manchester 358 (Hayfield/New Mills/Marple/[[Stockport]]) and Bowers Coaches 389 (New Mills town services).
 
 
===Road & canal===
 
The [[A6 road (Great Britain)|A6 road]] passes through Newtown, a little to the south and slightly above the Buxton Line.
 
[[File:Newtown, New Mills Swizzels Mills from marina 1853.JPG|thumb|The Peak Forest Canal wharf at Newtown.]]
 
The [[Peak Forest Canal]] was watered in 1796. It passes through Newtown, where there is a [[marina]]. It follows the 155m contour.<!-- From OS map- please confirm -->
 
 
==Education==
 
The principal secondary school is the [[New Mills School Business & Enterprise College]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.newmills11-18.derbyshire.sch.uk/aboutus/index.htm|title=New Mills School Business and Enterprise College Website|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref> This comprehensive school occupies the buildings of the former New Mills Grammar School and educates children from 11 to 19 years of age. There are six primary schools: St. George's school (CE), St. Mary's (RC), New Mills County Primary, Newtown, Hague Bar and Thornsett.
 
 
==Economy==
 
New Mills' economy was originally built on agriculture, then coal mining and then cotton spinning and bleaching. There was a little weaving but cotton bleaching and calico printing continued into the second half of the twentieth century. The mills have now all closed. Today [[Swizzels Matlow]], who make children's sweets, is a large employer.<ref name=LH/> The company transferred to New Mills from London during [[the Blitz]] and has remained ever since.<ref name="Swizzels">[http://www.swizzels-matlow.com/ Swizzels Matlow website]</ref> Famous brands include '[[Parma Violets]]', 'Refresher' chews, 'Drumstick' lollies and - perhaps most famously - [[Love Hearts]].<ref name=LH>[http://www.skillsworkshop.org/genlit/e2l2loveheartslit.pdf Swizells Matlow literacy exercise]</ref> Folk memory relates that children from local schools were often asked to test new sweet flavours that were created.{{Citation needed|date=March 2008}}.
 
 
There is also a history of iron working, though this has ceased. Ironstone was also found in shales of the lower coal measures, and early water-powered charcoal furnaces was located at Jow-Hole furnace towards [[Furness Vale]]. In the nineteenth century, the Midland Iron Works occupied Barnes Mill in the Torrs; the Victoria Foundry was on Hyde Bank Road (among their products were gas lamp posts for the town council) as was the other small foundry in Wilde's scrapyard. On Albion Road in Newtown is John Hawthorn's foundry. There was also a brass foundry, on the site of the current Heritage Centre.<ref name=nl12>[http://homepages.nildram.co.uk/~bmdent/newsletters.html NMLHS- Newsletter No 15]</ref>
 
 
Tourism was boosted in 1984 when the Torrs was reopened as a riverside park, and further when the spectacular Millennium Walkway opened in 1999, joining the two ends of the gorge.
 
 
The [[Plain English Campaign]] has its headquarters in the town.<ref name="plainenglish">[http://www.plainenglish.co.uk/contact-us.html Plain English Campaign website]</ref>
 
 
==Landmarks==
 
[[File:New Mills, Torr Vale Millenium Walkway 1668.JPG|thumb|The Millennium Walkway showing the part cantilevered from the railway embankment, and the part supported by pillars set in the river bed.]]
 
New Mills sits atop The Torrs, a dramatic gorge through which the Rivers Goyt and Sett flow. Nestled in a bend of the Goyt is [[Torr Vale Mill]], a Grade II* listed building. The Torrs Millennium Walkway, overlooking the mill, was built at a cost of £525,000 (almost half from the Millennium Commission) by Derbyshire County Council’s in-house engineers. The walkway spans the otherwise inaccessible cliff wall above the River Goyt. Part rises from the riverbed on stilts and part is cantilevered off the railway retaining wall. It provided the final link in the {{convert|225|mi|km|adj=on}} [[Midshires Way]] and was opened in April 2000.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.derbyshire-photographs.co.uk/newmills.html|title=Millennium Walkway Opened April 2000 - Pictures|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref>
 
 
[[File:New Mills, Torrs Hydro 1634.JPG|thumb|Torrs Hydro]]
 
[[Torrs Hydro, New Mills|Torrs Hydro]] is a 2.4-metre-diameter 'Reverse [[Archimedean Screw]]' micro hydroelectric scheme at the Torr Weir on the Goyt. It generates 70&nbsp;kW of electricity. Nicknamed 'Archie', it is owned by the community.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.torrshydro.co.uk/Scheme.htm|title=Torrs Hydro New Mills Scheme|publisher=Torrs Hydro New Mills Ltd|accessdate=2009-07-03}}</ref> The electriciy is supplied to the Co-operative supermarket, and any excess is fed back into the National Grid.
 
 
==Religious sites==
 
The area around [[Mellor, Greater Manchester|Mellor]] and New Mills has a strong Methodist tradition. [[John Wesley]] first preached in the area in 1740, at a sheepfold at the Bongs in neighbouring Mellor.<ref name="sl22">{{cite web|url=http://www.stevelewis.me.uk/page22.php|title=Industrial Development in New Mills|last=Lewis|first=Steve|accessdate=29 November 2009}}</ref> He visited again on 28 April 1745, 12 May 1747 and 31 August 1748. The [[Methodist Church of Great Britain|Wesleyan Methodists]] were established in 1748. At first, meetings were held in people's homes; then land was bought on the High Street for a Wesleyan chapel in 1766.<ref name="sl22"/> This was the first place of worship in the town. Wesley visited again in 1768, 1772, 1774, 1776, 1779, 1782 and 1788.<ref name="sl22"/> By 1808 that chapel was too small, and a larger one was built in St Georges Road, Brookside (Low Leighton).The church was influential and many of the millowners were members: Samuel Schofield, of Warksmoor House and of Torr Mill, the Armstrongs of Torr Vale Mill, the Hibbert family, including Robert Hibbert, of Warksmoor who built the first cotton mill in Newtown, the Barnes, Thatchers, Arnfields, Bridges, Willans and Bennetts, all industrialists, are buried in the chapel. The larger chapel was closed and demolished in the 1960s and the Methodists have reverted to the High Street Chapel.<ref name="sl22"/> The Association Methodists' stone chapel was erected in 1838, and the Primitive Methodists built one in 1827. The [[Quakers|Friends Meeting House]] dating from 1717 is in Low Leighton, and the independents, the Congregational church (Providence church), was built on Mellor Road, Whitle, in 1823.<ref name=nmtch/>
 
 
The hamlets of Bowden Middlecale and Mellor were originally in the ancient parish of Glossop. Chapelries were established at Mellor and Hayfield, and New Mills was split between the two. The [[Church of England]] parish church of St George's was built in 1839 to a simple renaissance plan with galleries; it has 7 bays, decorated with simple Gothic-style lancet windows. It 1844 the hamlets of Beard, Ollersett, Thornsett and Whitle became a parish.
 
 
The Church of the Annunciation, St. Mary's Road is the [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]] church. It is in the parish of St Mary'ś, Marple Bridge and New Mills in the Diocese of Nottingham. The building was built in the [[Decorated Gothic]] style in 1846; its spire is {{convert|110|ft}} high.<ref name="nmtch">{{cite web|url=http://www.newmillstowncouncil.com/html/a_brief_history.html|accessdate=13 March 2011|title=A Brief History of New Mills}}</ref>
 
 
==Culture and community==
 
New Mills plays host to the One World Festival<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oneworldfestival.org|title=One World Festival|accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref> every June. The festival incorporates "a mixture of serious issues, good music and fun in the open air". The free one-day event raises awareness of organisations that work "for a better, fairer world". In 2008 the festival's theme was 'Reduce, Re-use, Recycle'. Part of this theme has been to launch a campaign to make New Mills plastic-bag-free under the banner 'One World, One Bag'.
 
 
==Conservation Area==
 
New Mills town centre has been designated a Conservation Area. The Conservation Area was originally established in 1985, although has been extended several times since then.<ref name="highpeakboroughcouncil1">[http://www.highpeak.gov.uk/planning/conservation/NewMillsCA_appraisal/NewMills_Part1.pdf High Peak Borough Council website]</ref> Currently, the Conservation Area extends to encompass the Jodrell Street, Spring Bank and High Lea areas of the town.<ref name="highpeakboroughcouncil2">[http://www.highpeak.gov.uk/planning/conservation/NewMillsCAmap.pdf High Peak Borough Council website]</ref>
 
 
High Peak Borough Council have produced a Conservation Area Character Appraisal document, outlining the reasons that the Conservation Area has been designated as such. In justifying the reasons for designation, this document states of the town: “New Mills is a town of dramatic topography and origins that date back to the 14th century. Its topography and the supply of fast flowing waters led to its development as a thriving mill town and important centre for the textile industry. Its impressive landscape developed much of its developed form and the townscape that we still see today.”<ref name="highpeakboroughcouncil3">[http://www.highpeak.gov.uk/planning/conservation/NewMillsCA_appraisal/NewMills_Part3.pdf High Peak Borough Council website]</ref>
 
 
==Sport and leisure==
 
[[New Mills A.F.C.]] ('The Millers') are the local football team and play in the [[North West Counties Football League|North West Counties League]] Premier Division. The football ground at Church Lane boasts two pitches&nbsp;&mdash; one 'all weather'&nbsp;&mdash; and floodlights. New Mills Cricket Club, with their ground on Church Road, play in the Derbyshire and Cheshire League. There is a leisure centre, including a swimming pool, which opened in 1980. Until the early 1980s, the town held an annual cycle race.
 
 
New Mills Golf Club is a members' club set on the top of the northerly hill overlooking the town, with views of Kinder Scout, the city of Manchester and the Welsh mountains. The course was formed in 1907 and extended to its current 18-hole, 5604-yard par 69 course in 2003 prior to the clubhouse extension and centenary celebration in 2007.
 
<!-- Gallery needed
 
{|
 
|-
 
| [[Image:MarketStreetNewMills.JPG|250px|thumb|left|Market Street, New Mills]]
 
|
 
|
 
|}
 
-->
 
 
==Notable residents==
 
[[File:DrunkardsReform.JPG|thumb|right|Drunkard's Reform plaque]]
 
*Thomas Handford—the interpretation plaque at the town's former prison tells it all:
 
:‘A working man, a teetotaler for ten years, who was formerly a notorious drinker and a notorious poacher has recently invested his sober earnings in the purchase of the town prison which he has converted into a comfortable dwelling house. Frequently an inmate of the prison whilst a drunkard and poacher, he is now owner of the whole and occupier of the premises. Thomas Handford 1854.’<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk/newmills.htm|title=Drunkards Reform|publisher=Discover Derbyshire and the Peak District (www.derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk) |accessdate=13 March 2011}}</ref>
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[List of mills in Derbyshire]]
 
 
==References==
 
{{reflist|30em}}
 
 
==External links==
 
{{commons category|New Mills, Derbyshire}}
 
*[http://www.newmillshistory.org.uk/ New Mills Local History Society]
 
*[http://www.stevelewis.me.uk/page2.php Steve Lewis: History of New Mills]
 
*[http://newmillsfestival.com/ New Mills Festival Website - Current]
 
*[http://www.newmills11-18.derbyshire.sch.uk/ The New Mills School website]
 
*[http://www.torrshydro.co.uk Torrs Hydro New Mills]
 
 
{{Derbyshire}}
 
 
[[Category:Towns in Derbyshire]]
 
[[Category:Towns and villages of the Peak District]]
 
 
[[it:New Mills]]
 
[[nl:New Mills]]
 
[[nn:New Mills]]
 
[[pl:New Mills]]
 
[[ro:New Mills]]
 
[[simple:New Mills]]
 
[[vo:New Mills]]
 
Reason:
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:52:47 AM
Status: Reported
Monday, the 5th of January 2015 at 06:24:32 AM #97511
sammy (anonymous)

wX152D http://www.QS3PE5ZGdxC9IoVKTAPT2DBYpPkMKqfz.com

Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:52:47 AM #106482
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

xOCUKw http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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