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ID: 983655
User: 24.38.126.131
Article: Dhoni
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[[Dhonis used to be built withouth plans. The master carpenter took measurements and gave instructions to the carpenters.<ref>[[Xavier Romero-Frias]], ''The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom''.</ref>
[[File:Traditional Maldivian Dhoni.jpg|thumb|right|250px|The dhoni is the [[traditional fishing boat]] of the Maldives.]]
 
[[File:Doni aux Maldives cropped.jpg|thumb|right|A Dhoni without [[lateen]] sails.]]
 
[[Image:Dhonitokyoahead.jpg|thumb|right|100px|A dhoni with [[lateen]] sails.]]
 
{{For|the Indian cricketer|Mahendra Singh Dhoni}}
 
{{For|the Indian film|Dhoni (film)}}
 
'''Dhoni''' or '''Doni''' ([[Dhivehi language|Dhivehi]]: ދޯނި pronounced ''Dōni'') is a multi-purpose [[sail boat]] with a motor or [[lateen]] sails that is used in the [[Maldives]]. It is handcrafted and its use within the multi-island nation has been very important. A dhoni resembles a [[dhow]], a traditional Arab sailing vessel.
 
 
The traditional dhoni is one of the oldest known sea vessels in the Maldives. Many of these traditional sailing vessels were, of necessity, built using coconut palm timber. The sailing dhoni was used in earlier days by Maldivian fishermen. During the industrial revolution many fisherman changed to a mechanized dhoni.
 
 
The [[Kannada]] and [[Konkani language|Konkani]] word for a small boat is ''Doni'' and the [[Malayalam]] word for a small boat is ''Thoni'' perhaps in keeping with the tradelinks between Arabs and the konkani people in [[Goa]] and other port cities in [[India]]'s [[konkan]] and west coast.
 
 
The islands of the Maldives have an extensive [[Fishing fleet|fleet]] of [[Fishing vessel|fishing boats]], built domestically, each of which can carry about eight to twelve persons. Nearly all of these are variants of the dhoni.
 
 
In 1995 there were 1,674 registered fishing vessels in the Maldives. Of these, 1,407 were motorised pole and line craft (masdhoni) for tuna fishing in coastal waters, 5 were sailing masdhoni, 48 were mechanised vadhudhoni, 209 were sailing vadhudhoni and 5 were row boats used for trolling in reef waters.<ref name="FAO Profile">[[FAO]]: [http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/FI-CP_MV/en Country Profile: Maldives] Retrieved 4 February 2009.</ref>
 
 
Based on a US$3.2 million loan from the [[International Development Association]](IDA), most of the boats were mechanized in the course of the 1980s.<ref name="LOC"> {{cite web|author=Chapin Metz, Helen|url=http://countrystudies.us/maldives/11.htm|title=Maldives: A Country Study:Fishing|date=1994|publisher=[[Library of Congress]], [[Washington D.C.]]|accessdate=February 4, 2009}}</ref> Although the addition of motors increased fuel costs, it resulted in doubling the fishing catch between 1982 and 1985. Moreover, the 1992 catch of 82,000 tons set a record; for example, in 1987 the catch was 56,900 tons.<ref name="LOC"/>
 
 
It is a plank-built craft traditionally built with coconut wood, although imported wood from Southeast Asia is increasingly used. Originally sailing craft, nowadays these boats are usually fitted with motors. The main site for building dhonis is presently in Alifushi Raa Atoll. This boat building is a traditional craft in the Maldives, and young apprentices are trained by skilled craftsmen. Boats crafted from timber take 60 days to complete.
 
 
Dhonis used to be built withouth plans. The master carpenter took measurements and gave instructions to the carpenters.<ref>[[Xavier Romero-Frias]], ''The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom''.</ref>
 
 
Contemporary dhonis are often built using fibreglass. Dhonis fitted with [[diesel engines]] are extensively used on resort islands for [[scuba diving]] purposes, their low [[freeboard (nautical)|freeboard]] being ideal for this activity.
 
Contemporary dhonis are often built using fibreglass. Dhonis fitted with [[diesel engines]] are extensively used on resort islands for [[scuba diving]] purposes, their low [[freeboard (nautical)|freeboard]] being ideal for this activity.
   
Reason: ANN scored at 0.929987
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 07:11:54 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 07:11:54 PM #101769
Bradley (anonymous)

w7srLq http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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