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Eastbourne (England) banner Panorama.jpg Panorama of Eastbourne from Beachy Head

Eastbourne is a town in East Sussex, on England's South East coast.

Understand

Eastbourne is a popular and traditional sea-side resort on the south coast of England, about 110 km from London. It has a population of just about 100,000, making it the second largest town in Sussex. It lies at the eastern end of the South Downs range of chalk cliffs and hills: its most famous feature being Beachy Head, the highest chalk cliff in Southern England. To the east it is bordered by the low-lying flood plains of the Pevensey Levels and beyond. It has one of the highest recorded days of sunshine per year in Britain and its climate is notable for its high sunshine levels, with the town claiming to be the "Sunniest Place in the UK".

See the 5 day forecast for Eastbourne at The Met Office.

The town has a reputation of being "God's waiting room" due to the high population of elderly residents, with one district of town having an average age of 71.1! Most of the population is younger, however, and you probably wouldn't see that many elderly people if you visited. The main shopping centre is currently being renovated to have more, better-known shops, which should make it even more popular with younger people.

Part of the town's charm is its largely undeveloped seafront, devoid of the amusements and loud activity associated with Brighton, its bigger and brasher western cousin. Eastbourne's front remains composed mainly of Victorian hotels, as much of Eastbourne has traditionally belonged to the Duke of Devonshire, who retains the rights to these buildings and refuses to allow them to be converted into shops.

The lovely 1935 bandstand remains, and traditional seafront concerts still take place every day in the holiday season for those content to listen and laze in a deckchair. The relative peace is only shattered in mid August by the biggest event of the year for the town, "Airbourne". This justifably and proudly claims to be the South Coast's biggest free air display, and takes place over the sea attracting visitors of all ages during its four days. Many come just to see the world famous RAF Red Arrows who are regular visitors, but there are many other attractions at ground level too, such as live bands, with Scouting for Girls performing one year.

Get in By car

The main roads into Eastbourne are the A27, which runs west to Brighton, and the A259, which heads east to Hastings. The A22 (joining the A27) goes north towards London.

By train

Southern Railway is the principal train company serving Eastbourne. It is linked by train to the west with Brighton, and to the east with Bexhill, Hastings and Ashford International (for Eurostar services to France and Belgium). There is
a direct line to London, stopping in London at Clapham Junction, East Croydon and finally London Victoria, with trains running between two and three times an hour, journey time between 1 hour 20 minutes to 1 hour 45 minutes. If you arrive at Gatwick Airport, you can catch a Southern train to Eastbourne (which is the same train as the London Victoria-Eastbourne train), with journey times here taking about 50 minutes to an hour. Trains also come from Bedford via St Pancras and Gatwick Airport and into Brighton; although the train doesn't actually go to Eastbourne, you can either change at Haywards Heath or Brighton for a separate train to Eastbourne.

Fare and timetable information is available from the Southern Railway website or National Rail Enquiries- tel. +44 8457 484950 (local rate call, UK only number)

http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/stations_destinations/EBN.aspx The main train station here, located in the town centre. There is a taxi rank and a pick up/drop off point outside the station (head towards the ticket machines from the platforms, go right and leave through the exit past the photo shops) which has recently been upgraded, plenty of taxis will be waiting there for you. If not, there is a taxi freephone (for 720 taxis) through another exit; from the ticket barriers, turn left and go left past the health centre and barbers, the phone is in the outside wall on the right. See a station map here.

http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/stations/HMD/details.html The second station in Eastbourne. For most attractions and hotels, it is easier to go into Eastbourne station and travel onwards from there, but for Willingdon, Hampden Park or Langney, this station is better. See a station map here.

Get around By bus

Services within Eastbourne borough are mainly operated by
Stagecoach Buses Ltd, which is the successor of the company to the world's first municipal bus operator. Stagecoach Buses also operate country services to Tunbridge Wells, Heathfield, Uckfield, Willingdon, Polegate, Pevensey Bay, Hailsham, Bexhill and Hastings.

Hailsham, Pevensey Bay, Polegate, Willingdon and Hailsham are included in the local Eastbourne fare zonal system. Within the fare zone system there is an unlimited day rover ticket for £3.00, while single fares can be £1.90 as far as Polegate, rising to a higher price if continuing to Hailsham. A weekly ticket is available from the driver for £11.50 to cover this zone.

Town services are covered by services 1, 1A, 2, 3, 5, 5A and the LOOP, while out of town services are covered by services 1X, 51 (251), 52 (252), 54, 98 and 99 (as at 28 November 2010).

To Hailsham: 1X, 51, 52, 54, 98;

To Bexhill and Hastings: 98, 99;

To Heathfield: 51 and 52;

To Tunbridge Wells: 251 and 252 (same buses as for Heathfield, which are then prefixed with a 2 from Heathfield);

To Pevensey Bay: 99

Brighton is served by Brighton and Hove Buses on services 12, 12X and 13X. Brighton and Hove offer an excellent value all-day ticket for just £5.00 from the driver, or £3.50 if purchased in advance on the Internet, which includes the return journey between the two towns and unlimited travel in Brighton and Hove. Those travellers who also wish to use local services in Eastbourne as well as wanting to go to Brighton for the day with unlimited travel, may wish to purchase an Explorer ticket on a Stagecoach bus for £5.50, which then gives total unlimited travel on most services in Kent and Sussex for one day, including all Stagecoach, Arriva and Brighton & Hove. Beware, if purchasing the same explorer ticket on a Brighton and Hove Bus, it costs £7.00, so the same ticket from Stagecoach is better value.

Services 12 and 12X serve East Dean, Seaford, Newhaven, Peacehaven, Rottingdean and Saltdean en route to Brighton from Eastbourne.

Eastbourne's art deco bus station closed some years ago, but almost all services now stop in a buses-only area of the main shopping precinct at Terminus Road, near the railway station. There is no formal bus office in the town centre, but information and timetables are posted at all stops in the central area. Limited bus information can be obtained from the Tourist Information office in Cornfield Road.

http://www.visiteastbourne.com/Eastbourne-Eastbourne-Tourist-Information-Centre/details/?dms=3&venue=3412871 If walking along Terminus Rd from the station, turn right just before the start of the pedestrianised section. The office is on the right End of May to September: 9am-5:30pm, weekdays; 9am-5pm, Saturdays; 10am-1pm, Sundays; 10am-4pm, bank holidays

By taxi

"Black cabs" are rarely seen on Eastbourne's streets, but taxis licensed by the local authority are readily available at all times from ranks either side of the railway station.


The two main taxi firms in Eastbourne are 720 taxis and 726 taxis; both are reliable:

http://eastbourneandcountrytaxis.co.uk/

For pre-booked journeys try:

Tyle House, Petteridge Lane, Brenchley, Tonbridge, Kent. TN12 7PD http://www.msexecutive.co.uk/sussex_chauffeur/eastbourne_chauffeur.htm

See

, which are world famous.

Originally built in 1870 with a theatre, camera obscura, and bar. Paddle steamers used to sail from here to Boulogne in France in the early 20th century, but stopped in World War Two, when anti-aircraft guns were placed on it. The arcade was destroyed by a fire on the pier in 2014, and has since been renovated to make the pier safe. Currently, there are cafes, a restaurant, some shops, a fishing stage, a nightclub (see Drink), a fish and chip shop and great views on the pier.

The Redoubt has two entrances: one from the promenade which is signposted and down some steps; and one from the road which is at the top of a small hill just off the pavement. http://www.eastbournemuseums.co.uk/ Daily: March-September: 10AM-5PM; October-November: 11AM-4PM You only have to pay to access the museum, prices for this are: Adult: £4.50; Child: £2.50; Seniors/Students: £3.25 Built in 1804 as part of the defences against a possible invasion of Britain by Napoleon. It has been used in both World Wars and more recently, as a model village and an aquarium. It now houses a museum, gun parade, cafe and shop.

http://www.townereastbourne.org.uk/ Devonshire Park, College Road, Eastbourne BN21 4JJ Tu-Su & Bank Holidays Mondays: 10AM-5PM Most exhibitions are free, but some will require a charge (the costs for these are well advertised) Eastbourne's contemporary art gallery with about three exhibitions on at all times. It has a permanent room dedicated to local artist, Eric Ravillious, and a cafe run by Urban Ground (see Drink). If you are a fan of art, this is well worth a visit, and maybe also take a trip down the coast to the De La Warr Pavilion in Bexhill and then the Jerwood Gallery in Hastings. If you visit all three galleries, and get a stamp from each in a Coastal Culture Trail passport, you get 20% off in one of the gallery shops, see coastalculturetrail.com for more information.

2 Carlisle Road, Eastbourne, BN21 4BT services@eastbourneheritagecentre.co.uk http://www.eastbourneheritagecentre.co.uk/ 21 March - 29 October: M, Tu, Th: 2PM-5PM; F: 10AM-1PM; Sa: 10AM-4PM. Rest of the year: Sa: 10AM-4PM Adults: £3; Children under 15: £1; Seniors/Students: £2.50 A museum all about Eastbourne's history, originally built in 1880, and is now Grade II listed. It's only a short walk from the town centre and just off the seafront, and is near to some nice restaurants too.

Enjoy the views from 162m up, on top of the highest chalk sea cliff in Britain. See the century-old red and white lighthouse at the foot of the cliffs, and an earlier forerunner the Belle Tout lighthouse, built to warn shipping of the treacherous rocks in the vicinity, which is now a B&B. Also see views over the whole of Eastbourne, and see if you can spot Hastings on a clear day. From here, you could travel further along the coast to Birling Gap, or even the Cuckmere Haven.

Do

Enjoy the Eastbourne Miniature Steam Railway (www.emsr.co.uk) a great place for kids and children to hop onto a mini Steam engine

http://www.eastbourneleisurecentres.com/sovereign_centre A leisure centre with several swimming pools, gym, fitness suite, sauna and cafe. One swimming pool has a wave machine, fountains and a flume, which is popular with famililes during school holidays. There are also many classes, lessons and events going on here, such as gymnastics lessons, Zumba and swimming lessons. Prices are different depending on what facilities you want to use, and when you're using them. If you are an Eastbourne resident, bring a copy of your council tax bill for reduced rates. Family ticket for the swimming pool: £18.20. Full list of prices at their website

https://www.southdowns.gov.uk/enjoy/south-downs-way/ This 160km long footpath, which starts on the Western edge of the town and runs through the South Downs National Park as far as Winchester to the west is a must for any keen walker, even if you're not an avid hiker, you can walk just a little bit of the trail and enjoy the Sussex countryside. (The location on the marker is the start of the path on the edge of Eastbourne.)

Seven Sisters Country Park and Cuckmere Haven Take the number 12, 12X or 13X bus from the town centre to this country park at Exceat, about 8 km west of Eastbourne. The park has cycle hire through the Friston Forest, a cosy cafe-restaurant and a visitor centre. The estuary of the River Cuckmere winds through here in a distinctive meander to the sea and can be walked either side of the A259 road. You can also walk upstream along the side of the Cuckmere river and if you're lucky you may be able to find some samphire along the banks which can be picked, cooked and eaten.

http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/birling-gap-and-the-seven-sisters/ This area of land is owned by the National Trust and has a cafe, gift shop and a small museum/visitor centre. You can start walks from here across the South Downs and there is also a set of stairs going down to the shingle beach. It is a two hour walk towards Holywell and Eastbourne itself along the beach.

From the country park, take a 4 hour walk on top of the cliffs back to Eastbourne. Don't forget to take a picnic, though Birling Gap is a pleasant beauty spot on this part of the coast, which looks particularly nice in Spring and has an excellent pub, restaurant and hotel.

Events

The two biggest events in Eastbourne are Airbourne (in August) and the AEGON International (in June), with other events taking place mainly in summer. If you visit Eastbourne between May and September, visit the Western Lawns (near the Wishtower on the seafront, opposite the Grand Hotel) as quite often, there are events taking place there on the weekends.

http://www.eastbournebeerfestival.co.uk/

This takes place in the Winter Gardens, with about 160 ales, beers and wines. Tickets in 2016 varied in price depending on which day you went and whether you had booked in advance or not, but ranged from £4 to £11 and could be booked from their website, over the phone, or on the door.

http://www.visiteastbourne.com/Eastbourne-Beer-Cider-by-the-Sea/details/?dms=3&feature=1005&venue=3414532

This is a beer and cider festival that takes place on the Western Lawns over the May Bank Holiday. The drinks are served in marquees in a park which is next to the seaside, with live music from local bands as well. Tickets in 2016 costed £7 or £8 and £2 for children, and they could be bought from their website or over the phone.

https://www.lta.org.uk/major-events/Aegon-International-Eastbourne/home/

This is an annual pre-Wimbledon women's tennis tournament that takes place at Devonshire Park in the heart of Eastbourne. It is a WTA Premier tournament, with prize money of $731,000! In 2016, Caroline Wozniacki, Petra Kvitova and Eastbourne local Johanna Konta among others appeared here. The tournament is also televised on the BBC, meaning you could be seen in the crowd on TV! There is one day during the tournament where tickets are free, but apart from then, you'll have to pay for them, with one day tickets costing between £10 and £50. You can also get more expensive tickets, with reserved centre court tickets.

http://www.visiteastbourne.com/events/beachlife.aspx

This is an annual extreme sport festival that takes place around town, though mainly on the seafront around Princes' Park. Sports like roller skating, skateboarding, SUP (stand up paddleboard), roller hockey, BMX, windsurfing and "surfkraft" (extreme windsurfing) are all represented, amongst others. There is live music on stages during the event and there is no cost to visit. +44 1323 415 415 (phone number of the Eastbourne tourism agency)

http://www.eastbourneairshow.co.uk/

This is an annual airshow that takes place over the sea. Every summer, the Red Arrows, helicopters, parachutists, and other fast jets come and fly for four days. There are other ground attractions too, including live music, with the local paper claiming that 12,000 people watched Scouting for Girls perform in 2015. The main attractions are at the Western Lawns near the Wishtower, although you can get some pretty good views from the foot of the South Downs. It's free, although the organisers appreciate donations as it is quite expensive to run. +44 1323 415 415 (phone number of the Eastbourne tourism agency)

http://www.beachyheadmarathon.co.uk/default.aspx

Start at Bedes School, Dukes Drive, Eastbourne, BN20 7XL An annual marathon which claims to be "one the biggest off-road marathons in the UK". It starts in the Meads area of Eastbourne, and routes round the nearby South Downs National Park, Cuckmere Haven, and Seven Sisters Country Park. The route does follow some quite difficult terrain, but the views are pretty impressive. There's also a 10K race which happens at the same time that only goes as far as Birling Gap and back, but still follows the Seven Sisters, giving good views of the sea. Entry costs at least £20 for the 10K race, and £36 for the marathon, with prices rising closer to the event, so if you want to enter, do it soon!

Buy

While it does not perhaps offer the same range as other more fashionable shopping areas like Brighton or Tunbridge Wells, Eastbourne has a good mix of the familiar "high street" names and unusual retailers.


http://www.eastbournearndaleshopping.co.uk/ is the main shopping mall, located in Terminus Road which itself has a wide selection of shops. Everything from books to bakeware, candles to coffee can be bought in the mall which has a light and airy feel thanks to its atrium layout allowing in plenty of natural light. This is a popular area at all times, but particularly with children at school holidays when activities and an enchanting tableau are usually laid on in the central area between Boots and BhS. The shopping centre is being redeveloped, so one entrance has been moved and there is some scaffolding along the side near the station. If you are coming from the train station, you will currently see a large hoarding saying what will be there after the redevelopment, including new shops, restaurants and a nine-screen cinema.

next to the station is another often forgotten treasure. Although it has a feel of faded glory and better days hopefully more visitors will take it back to the vibrant place it once was because it is a gem. Under one roof is everything you might need - fresh fruit and veg, a butchers and a fishmongers. Plus an amazing bookshop which has thousands of new and secondhand books plus a great ordering service for any book. There is a shop full of Wedding Dresses with service second to none (there are other wedding services there too) and a fair trade shop which is excellent. There are also opticians, complimentary therapy, a hair dressers and a beautician. A pet shop. A wonderful cafe called Jocelyn's where you can get gorgeous cakes, delicious soup and service with a smile!

For those with more eclectic tastes, is a good area of town to visit. While it's hard to ignore the several funeral directors in South Street and Grove Road, reflecting the higher than average proportion of aged residents of the town, there are many shops for those who want to live life to the full, whatever their age. Particularly recommended is Camilla's second-hand bookshop which is stacked to the ceiling with books on just about every subject imaginable, Mr & Mrs Doaks Bumper Bookshop selling children's books including a child-friendly teashop, a Belgian chocolate emporium and a Bang and Olufsen hi-fi and TV specialist dealer.

The
2 km long road known as (somewhat confusingly, just inland from the seafront) is like a mini-town in itself, with two bank branches, post offices, takeaways, convenience stores, antique and curio shopping, furnishers, kitchen and carpet suppliers. This is the main A259 road, and leads northwards to Langney, where there is a district shopping with a Tesco Metro, Iceland, Family Bargains and several other smaller stores.

is more of a traditional village high street in the "posher" part of town. Even though it has a small Tesco and Co-op, it still has small, independent shops, like the Barley Sugar shop at the north end of the street which sells children's clothes, toys and has a deli. There's also a Grand Flowers florist, a framers, two hairdressers, a dentists, a wine shop, a restaurant, a post office (in the Co-op), two tea shops and two pubs among other things. While some shops have closed recently, like the butchers, business is still thriving here.

houses a large Tesco Extra store, Pets at Home, Homebase, Argos, Vokins, Wickes, McDonalds Drive-thru and Pizza Hut.

comprises Asda, Next, Boots, Matalan, Harvey's, Brantano, Cineworld Cinema and Frankie & Bennys, which adjoins the man-made Sovereign Harbour development, which also houses a number of small shops, bars and restaurants.

in Hampden Park houses a Sainsbury's Superstore, DFS and a Currys/PC World, adjacent to which is the David Lloyd Centre and Lloyds Lanes Bowling Alley. Not barely a stone's throw away are also B&Q, Dunelm Mill, Maplin's, Halfords and Mothercare.

Eat

As would be expected of a seaside resort, Eastbourne offers food to suit all tastes, budgets and time demands. There are plenty of fast food outlets including McDonalds and Wimpy in Terminus Road. However, for those wanting something a little more traditional, the best fish and chip restaurants include Seaquel
and Qualisea, both around the junction of Terminus Road and Seaside Road, or the Dolphin fish bar on Seaside.

Fresh seafood and shellfish can be obtained
near the pier or if you are in self-catering accommodation, why not buy and cook local catches as fresh as can be from the wet fish shops alongside the fisherman's boat stores on the seafront walking east towards Princes Park.

Many different cuisines are also on offer in Terminus Road, the main street for restaurants. If you like a sea view along with good food and drink, try the Cafe Belge at the seaward end of Terminus Road, which offers around 80 Belgian beers along with a menu reflecting the culinary traditions of Belgium.

Development on the seafront itself is limited, but the hotel restaurants are always worth a try, as are the cafes and kiosks on the lower promenade, including some recently opened in former seafront shelters. Eastbourne seems to be trying to follow the lead of Brighton in making more of its beachfront for food and entertainment and several cafes and restaurants now open into the late evening on the shoreline.


There is also a good choice of bars and restaurants available in the Sovereign Harbour Marina development, including some big chains like Harvester and authentic smaller restaurants like the Thai restaurant there.

There is a pay and display car park just to the side of the restaurant which it shares with Treasure Island. The entrance is on the promenade; from the car park, head towards the sea then turn left Orange juice: £2.30; Coke: £2.20; Margherita Pizza: £7.50; Burger with cheese and bacon: £11.50 A relatively new restaurant on the seafront. It's just outside the centre of Eastbourne but it's worth the travel. It has been featured on an episode of The Undateables on Channel 4.

12, Grand Hotel Buildings, Compton St, BN21 4EJ Monday: Closed; Tuesday-Thursday: 12-4pm; Friday-Saturday: 12-4pm and 7pm-close; Sunday: Closed Fruit juices: £2.50, Coke: £1.80, 3 course dinner and tea or coffee: £20 per person (Friday/Saturday evening), Buffet lunch: £6.50/£8.50 (12-3 Tues-Sat) A small vegetarian bistro whose menu changes monthly. It is recommended to book in advance as they can only seat 21 at a push.

http://www.pomodoro-e-mozzarella.com/ Monday-Friday: 12-2:30pm and 5:30pm-11pm; Saturday: 12-11pm; Sunday: 12-10:30pm Orange juice: £2.30, Coke: £2.10, Three course set menu: £12.50, Two course set menu: £10.50 (set menus not available Fri/Sat evenings), Pizza Margherita: £7.60, Spaghetti Bolognese: £8.90 Large, Italian restaurant run by actual Italians. Not far from town centre or theatres.

A pub located near the foot of the Downs. More of a "food" type of pub, in a building that was refurbished a few years ago. It also has three B&B rooms you can stay in. Fish and Chips: £10.95; Pie and Mash: £11.50

There is not a car park next to the restaurant, but there is one for the marina nearby which is a short walk away. Taxis can drive up the road just behind the restaurant easily though. Monday: 6pm-10:30pm; Tuesday-Saturday: 12-10:30pm; Sunday: 12-10pm Sharing menu for two: £28 per person; Sharing menu for four or more: £35 per person; Massaman curry: £10.50; Prawn or chicken pad thai: £8.95 A nice, authentic Thai restaurant with beautiful décor inside. You can sit outside overlooking the harbour if the weather's good.

Drink

Eastbourne has plenty of pubs ranging from the traditional to the trendy. Particularly recommended for those who love- or want to try- the best local "real ale" are The Marine on Seaside, which also offers an excellent restaurant and bar menu- all day on Sundays. Also recommended are The Terminus, a
recently refurbished Harveys of Lewes pub in the town centre. Most nightclubs are situated in Langney, Pevensey and Terminus Roads though the pier with the Atlantis nightspot is something of a honeypot for language students and other smart young things.

If you're looking for something refreshing but not intoxicating, there are plenty of stops for a cuppa and the usual coffee chains. The Pavilion Tea Rooms, east of the pier, are recommended for afternoon tea when a piano player often adds to the polite, typically English ambience of the place.


http://www.urbanground.co.uk/index.html Monday-Saturday: 7:30am - 6:00pm; Sunday and Bank Holidays: 9:00am - 5:00pm Located just off the end of the pedestrianised end of Terminus Road, is only a few years old but is quite popular. They give you an egg timer with your pot of tea to tell you when your tea is properly brewed. You can also visit the cafe at the Towner Art Gallery (run by Urban Ground), sitting on the balcony overlooking the sunset in the evening if you want.

It is always a friendly and comfortable place, but is at its best around Christmas time, when an extraordinary array of festive lights turns it into a fairyland to enchant young and old alike.

http://www.thelambeastbourne.co.uk/ This is the oldest pub in Eastbourne in the Old Town area, built in the 12th century.

Eastbourne Pier, Grand Parade, BN21 3EL http://www.atlantisnightclub.co.uk/ A nightclub on the pier, quite popular in the town with young people and language school students in the summer.

Sleep

Hotels are located all along the seafront, so there won't be a lack of places to sleep. If you're walking along the promenade, you'll see hotel after hotel after hotel. And most of the town's 4 and 5 star hotels are, unsurprisingly, located on the seafront and generally towards the Meads end of town.

once featured in a TV Agatha Christie adaptation

which is a classical five star hotel, yet run in a friendly atmosphere


which claims to be the UK's first art hotel.

For those on more modest budgets, there are plenty of family-run, welcoming small hotels such as

http://www.atlantaeastbourne.co.uk located on the seafront close to the pier

http://www.devonshire-park-hotel.co.uk http://www.new-wilmington-hotel.co.uk

Historic guesthouse directly located on seafront near the pier. The Royal is one of Eastbourne's few remaining original Sea Houses. Popular with tourists and walkers, modestly priced and dog friendly.

Belle Tout Lighthouse, Beachy Head, Eastbourne, BN20 0AE The Belle Tout was the first lighthouse at Beachy Head. It has been featured on Tomorrow's World after being moved back away from the edge of the crumbling cliff and on Grand Designs after being refurbished to the current guest house

There are also many "bed and breakfast" establishments such as The Sea Breeze Guest House. There are self-catering flatlets such as "Beachside Guesthouse and Self-Catering Apartments" and there are also campsites on the edge of town such as Fairfields Farm. The town's Youth Hostel is in a very picturesque spot on top of the Downs going out of town westwards, near one of the golf links.

Go next

Other places of interest in the Eastbourne area

Eastbourne Miniature Steam Engine Railway www.emsr.co.uk. A great place to sit on top of a mini Steam Engine!

Open daily all year except Christmas Eve, Christmas Day and Boxing Day. Open 10:00-17:00 in summer, 10:00-16:00 in winter The best small zoo in England, located in the countryside just outside Eastbourne near the village of Alfriston.

http://www.sussexpast.co.uk/property/site.php?site_id=13 Near Wilmington Car park is open all year, 24 hours a day Admission to the site and car park is free

A prehistoric chalk representation of a man carved into the side of a hill. Walking on the figure or the surrounding vegetation is not permitted.

The Cuckoo Trail a cycle path from Eastbourne to Heathfield through the Sussex Weald

Catch a ferry to Dieppe from the nearby town of Newhaven.

WikiPedia:Eastbourne Dmoz:Regional/Europe/United Kingdom/England/East Sussex/Eastbourne/

Source:

EASTBOURNE

Beauty is all around us, in the

landscape and the oceans and skies...

HOME | BIOLOGY | BOOKS | FILMS | GEOGRAPHY | HISTORY | INDEX | MONEY | MUSIC OCEAN POLLUTION

- The beaches at Eastbourne are patrolled quite well, but

are still subject to tissues and wet wipes, along with all the usual

plastic bottles and metal cans. The tissues and cans are not such a

problem because they break down. Plastics do not.

Eastbourne

is a medium-sized town in East Sussex, on the south coast of

England
,

with a population, according to the 2001 Census, of around 90,000.

Created almost from scratch during the 19th Century, it soon became a

prime seaside resort, but has since suffered from the general trend away

from taking holidays within the

UK . Geographically,

Eastbourne is situated at the very end of the South Downs, and boasts

the famous Beachy Head

cliff, as well as extensive beaches. Trains

leave from London Victoria

to Eastbourne with a journey time of around 1hr 30mins.

Local rail services also serve Brighton to the west and Hastings and

Ashford, Kent to the east.

Eastbourne, East Sussex Reputation The

town promotes itself as "The Sunshine Coast", and often claims

the highest recorded hours of sunlight, producing a rivalry with the

larger coastal resorts of Bournemouth and Weymouth. To many people,

however, Eastbourne is more readily associated with the elderly, as it

has historically been a popular retirement destination, and it is often

referred to in age-related jokes. The 2001 census showed that it still

has a larger than average over-60 population

[1] ,

although recent major housing developments have been aimed mainly at

young families, and the provision of adequate schooling has become a key

local issue. The

seafront at Eastbourne is distinctive in having no garish shop fronts

opening onto it, the road being almost entirely populated by Victorian

hotels. This is because much of Eastbourne has traditionally belonged to

the Duke of Devonshire, who retains the rights to these buildings and


does not allow them to be developed into shops. Along with its pier and

bandstand, this serves to preserve the front in a somewhat timeless

manner. Eastbourne has several remaining

Martello Towers

and a fort from the same era.

One

feature that has always been heavily promoted is Eastbourne's floral

displays, most notably the "Carpet Gardens" along the coastal

road near the pier. These displays, and the town as a whole, frequently

win awards — such as the 'Large Coastal Resort' category in the 2003

Britain in Bloom competition.

Clock

tower on Eastbourne railway station

HISTORY The

area around Eastbourne is known to have been settled throughout history

- artefacts dating to the Stone Age have been found in the surrounding

countryside, and there are both Roman and Anglo-Saxon sites within the

modern boundaries of the town; some even speculate that it was a major

Roman settlement. However, it remained an area of small rural

settlements until the 19th Century, with 4 villages or hamlets occupying

the site of the modern town:

Bourne

(or, to distinguish it from

others of the same name,

East Bourne

), surrounded the "bourne"

(stream) which rises in what is now Motcombe Park, and is now known as

Old Town ; Meads

, where the Downs meet the coast;

South Bourne ;

and the fishing settlement known simply as

Sea Houses . By

the mid-19th Century most of the area had fallen into the hands of two

landowners: John Davies Gilbert (the Davies-Gilbert family still own

much of the land in Eastbourne and East Dean) and William Cavendish,

Earl of Burlington. Encouraged by the growing appreciation of the

seaside sparked by Richard Russell's assertion of its medicinal benefits

some decades earlier, these were to oversee the creation of "the

empress of watering places". An early plan, for a town named

"Burlington", was abandoned, but in 1849 the London, Brighton

and South Coast Railway arrived, and the town's growth accelerated.

Cavendish, now the 7th Duke of Devonshire hired Henry Currey in 1859 to

lay out a plan for what was essentially an entire new town — a resort

built "for gentlemen by gentlemen". The town grew rapidly —

from a population of less than 4000 in 1851 to over 22000 by 1881 —

and in 1883 was incorporated as a "municipal borough"; a

purpose-built town hall was opened in 1886.

EASTBOURNE PIER

- is now a shadow of its former self, just one more step towards

decline, if the town is not careful. A petition on

Facebook

is gaining momentum as and from November 2015.

This

period of growth and elegant development continued for several decades,

but World War II

saw a change in fortunes: initially, children were evacuated

to

Eastbourne on the assumption that they would be safe from German bombs,

but soon they had to be evacuated again. Pilots wishing to off-load

unused munitions before crossing the channel found such coastal towns

useful targets, and many original Victorian buildings were damaged or

destroyed. After

the war, development continued, including the growth of Old Town up the

hillside and the housing estates of Hampden Park (above the park itself,

named after Viscount Hampden, whose grandson sold the land to the

council), Willingdon Trees and Langney. Throughout the 20th Century,

there were controversies over the loss of historic landmarks or natural

features, and over particular buildings, such as the glass-plated TGWU

headquarters on the sea-front, and the 22-storey "South Cliff

Tower". In 1981, a large section of the town centre was replaced by

the indoor shops of the

Arndale Centre . In

the 1990s, however, both growth and controversy accelerated rapidly as a

new plan was launched to develop the area known as the

"Crumbles", a shingle bank on the coast to the east of the

town centre. This area, now known as the "

Sovereign Harbour "

and containing a marina, shops, and several thousand houses, was

formerly home to many rare plants. Together with continued growth in

other parts of the town, and the taming of the central marshland known

as the "levels" into farmland and nature reserves, this has

turned Eastbourne into the centre of a conurbation, with the appearance

from above of a hollow ring.

Eastbourne seafront bandstand Events Eastbourne

is home to the Women's

tennis

tournament which is traditionally seen as the warm-up to

Wimbledon ,

and attracts many of the same players. Confusingly, this is currently

sponsored by a local insurance company based in Bexhill-on-sea, but it

is called the "Hastings Direct International Championships".

A

major event in the tourist calendar of Eastbourne is the annually held 4

Day, International Air Show, 'Airbourne'. Started in 1994, based around

a long relationship with the

Red Arrows

display team, the event features Battle of Britain memorial

flights, and aircraft from the

RAF ,

USAF and many others.

POLITICS Politically,

Eastbourne is a local government district.

I t

was made a municipal borough in 1883, and gained county borough status

in 1911. Since 1974 and the Local Government Act 1972 it has formed a

district of East Sussex . It

is closely fought between the

Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives ,

and has frequently changed hands. Before the Council Elections in June

2004 it had a Liberal Democrat Council and a Conservative Member of

Parliament, but the gain of a single council seat then enabled the

Conservatives to take control which they capitalised on and gained

another in 2006 to widen the majority to two. There is no

Labour Party

representation, and Labour candidates are usually considered

to have little chance in elections, even finishing fourth behind the

third placed Greens

in all but one ward in 2006.

A

previous member of parliament was the Conservative's

Nigel Waterson . CUPCAKE

- Just an observation, but if you elect a Mayor who is interested in

carers and baking cakes

, are you not admitting that Eastbourne is a place

to retire and that rest homes are higher on the agenda than regeneration.

Holidays abroad are now cheaper than a holiday by the seaside.

Eastbourne has to look elsewhere to bring in tourist revenues. With

airshows now being controversial, what will this beleaguered borough be

considering to buffer their coffers. The raft of

hotels along Kings

Parade are empty for much of the year, assets that are becoming worth

less and less each year as Britons head to sunnier climes. Some members

of councils are swayed by wealthy business persons to look the other way

when they donate to their favorite causes. If a council makes decisions

for all the wrong reasons, they are answerable to the Courts, typically

via appeals of decisions, or where there is a failure to act, via a

Judicial Review . THE MAYORS OF EASTBOURNE

The Worshipful the Mayor of Eastbourne is Councillor Janet

Coles. Her current term of office runs from 27 May 2015 - 11 May 2016.

Will Janet have the vision to claw Eastbourne back to its former glory,

or will the decline of the once proud seaside town give way to cupcakes.

JUNE 4 2015

Former Mayor of Eastbourne Beryl Healy, 79, was airlifted to hospital after she was rescued from beneath the wheels of her own vehicle after she became trapped.

Passers-by tried to lift Mrs Healy's car from on top of her using pallets and breeze blocks after she slipped under the wheels and the

Renault

Modus rolled over her - while she was unloading shopping.

The freak incident happened yesterday, but sadly Mrs Healy, of Eastbourne, East Sussex, passed away in the major trauma unit at

Brighton last night.

The former Lib Dem campaigner was a pillar of the local community and was a councillor for the Devonshire ward on both the borough council and

East Sussex County Council

for many years.

Her late husband, John Healy, was also a councillor for the area, and family and friends have been left devastated by her death.

Former MP for Eastbourne, Stephen Lloyd, paid tribute to the much-loved woman.

He said: 'I am utterly disconsolate. Beryl Healy was a force of nature - a wonderful, wonderful woman.

The

Mayor of Eastbourne in 2005 was one Councillor Graham Marsden, until the 17th May 2006. He was once a Deputy Head Teacher at a local

Secondary school . TRIVIA The author George Orwell

spent the years from 1911 to 1916 at boarding

school in Eastbourne and is believed to have taken inspiration for the

farm in Animal Farm from 'Chalk Farm' in Willingdon, a village that

forms part of the conurbation that makes up Eastbourne.

Lewis Carroll

also had strong connections with the town. The bands

Toploader ,

Easyworld and more recently Rooster come from Eastbourne. Up and Coming

Singer/Songwriter David Ford also comes from Eastbourne Sam David Jolley

a multi-billionaire oil tycoon was born in Eastbourne on the 12th of

April 1956. Frederick

Soddy, The English radiochemist was born in Eastbourne. He also went to

school at Eastbourne College, and later won the

Nobel Prize in chemistry

for his research in radioactive decay and particularly for his

formulation of the theory of isotopes.

Eastbourne

Buses, founded in 1903 is one of the oldest motorbus companies in the

world. Apparently in 2005, Beachy Head

over took the Golden Gate bridge as the number 1

suicide

(by jumping) spot in the world.

Eastbourne

was recently found to be the 52nd most dangerous place to live in

England and Wales in the study "Urban Crime Rankings" (2006).

However, as there were only 55 towns in the study, Eastbourne is also

the 4th safest place to live.

REAL ESTATE

- With so many hotels lining the seafront, if an aircraft

were to veer off course into a hotel, such as the Burlington above, one

can imagine the carnage. Is it any wonder then that insurance for

aircraft used for airshows is due to spiral.

THE CHATSWORTH

- Nice paint job. Most of the hotels lining the seafront

are painted white. It's always a risk deviating from the norm, but

occasionally a colour scheme works.

GET IN By car The

main roads into Eastbourne are the A27, which runs west to

Brighton
,

and the A259, which heads east to

Hastings
.

The A22 (joining the A27) goes north towards London.

By train Southern

Railway is the principal train company serving Eastbourne. It is linked

by train to the west with Brighton, and to the east with

Bexhill
,

Hastings and Ashford International (for Eurostar services to

France and Belgium


). There is direct line to

London

with trains running twice-hourly, journey time around 1 hour 25 minutes.

Fare

and timetable information is available from,
or National

Rail Enquiries

- tel. 08457 484950 (local rate call, UK only number)

View Larger Map GET AROUND By bus Services

within Eastbourne borough are mainly operated by
Eastbourne Buses Ltd,

which is the successor company to the world's first municipal bus

operator.
Eastbourne Buses also operate some services to outlying areas

such as Pevensey Bay,

Polegate and Hailsham

which are included in the

local
fare zone system.

Other

bus operators in the town include Cavendish Travel, which provides a

limited local service adorned in the historic green and cream livery of

the fondly-remembered Southdown bus company which used to provide the

inter-town bus services in Eastbourne. Longer distance services are now

operated under the Stagecoach banner and serve the East Sussex area plus

other towns such as Tunbridge Wells.

Brighton

is served by a joint operation between Stagecoach and Brighton and Hove

Buses. Brighton and Hove offer an excellent value all-day ticket for

just
GBP2.80, which includes the return journey between the two towns

and unlimited travel in Brighton and Hove.

Eastbourne's

art deco bus station closed some years ago, but almost all services now

stop in a buses-only area of the main shopping precinct at Terminus

Road, near the railway station.
The bus company has now closed it's

former "bus shops" in the town centre, but information and

timetables are posted at all stops in the central area.

By taxi "Black

cabs" are rarely seen on Eastbourne's streets, but taxis licensed

by the local authority are readily available at all times from ranks

either side of the railway station.


See The world-famous seafront Carpet Gardens The Victorian

pier, adorned with shops and traditional amusements, fast

food cafes, a bar and night club and a "Camera Obscura"

offering a different perspective on the town.

The

"Redoubt Fortress", now housing a military museum but

built to defend the area during the

Napoleonic wars. DO Enjoy the views from Beachy Head

- at 162m, the highest chalk sea

cliff in Britain. See the century-old red and white lighthouse at

the foot of the cliffs, and an earlier forerunner the Belle Tout

lighthouse, built to warn shipping of the treacherous rocks in the

vicinity.
Walk the South Downs

Way long distance footpath, which starts on

the Western edge of the town and runs through the South Downs

National Park as far as Winchester to the west.


Take

the 712 bus from the town centre to

Seven Sisters Country

Park at Exceat, about
8km west of Eastbourne. The park has cycle

hire through the Friston Forest, a cosy cafe-restaurant and a

visitor centre. The estuary of the River Cuckmere winds through here

in a distinctive meander to the sea and can be walked either side of

the A259 road. From

the country park, take a 4
hours walk on top of the cliffs back to

Eastbourne. Don't forget to take a picnic, though Birling Gap is a

pleasant beauty spot on this part of the coast, which looks particularly

nice in Spring and has an excellent pub, restaurant and hotel.

BUY While

it does not perhaps offer the same range as other more fashionable

shopping areas like Brighton or Tunbridge Wells, Eastbourne has a good

mix of the familiar "high street" names and unusual retailers.


The Arndale Centre is the main shopping mall, located in Terminus Road

which itself has a wide selection of shops. Everything from books to

bakeware, candles to coffee can be bought in the mall which has a light

and airy feel thanks to it's atrium layout allowing in plenty of natural

light. This is a popular area at all times, but particularly with

children at school holidays when activities and an enchanting tableau

are usually laid on in the central area between

Boots and BHS
. For

those with more eclectic tastes,
"Little Chelsea" is a good

area to visit. While it's hard to ignore the several funeral directors

in South Street and Grove Road, reflecting the higher than average

proportion of aged residents of the town, there are many shops for those

who want to live life to the full, whatever their age. Particularly

recommended is Camilla's second-hand bookshop with books on just about

every subject imaginable, a Belgian chocolate emporium and a Bang and

Olufsen hi-fi and TV specialist dealer.

The


2km long road known as "Seaside" (somewhat confusingly, just

inland from the seafront) is like a mini-town in itself, with
branches

of most of the main banks, post offices, convenience stores, antique and

curio shopping, furnishers, kitchen and carpet suppliers. This is the

main A259 road, and leads northwards to
the Admiral retail park, which

houses a large Tesco

superstore plus several other familiar edge of town

names for DIY and electrical needs. These are also well served at the

Crumbles shopping centre which adjoins the man-made Sovereign Harbour

development.
ART

- The Towner art gallery is adjacent to the Congress Theatre. There are

no dedicated conference buildings in Eastbourne after the closure of the

Transport and General Workers Union centre, now the View hotel, the

subject of a controversial £10 million refit in 2013.

THEATRES

- The Winter Garden is a nice building that is looking a bit run down at

the moment (2015). Eastbourne depends on its theatres to attract

visitors from all over the country.

EAT As

would be expected of a seaside resort, Eastbourne offers food to suit

all tastes, budgets and time demands. There are plenty of fast food

outlets including McDonalds and Wimpy in Terminus Road
or Burger King on

the pier. However, for those wanting something a little more

traditional, the best fish and chip restaurants include Seaquel,
at the

junction of Terminus Road and Seaside Road, or the

Dolphin fish bar on

Seaside. Fresh seafood and shellfish can be obtained
from Perrywinkles

just east of the pier or if you are in self-catering accommodation, why

not buy and cook local catches as fresh as can be from the wet fish

shops alongside the fisherman's boat stores on the seafront walking east

towards Princes Park. Many different cuisines are also on offer in

Terminus Road, the main street for restaurants. If you like a sea view

along with good food and drink, try the Cafe Belge at the seaward end of

Terminus Road, which offers around 80 Belgian beers along with a menu

reflecting the culinary traditions of Belgium. Development on the

seafront itself is limited, but the hotel restaurants are always worth a

try, as are the cafes and kiosks on the lower promenade, including some

recently opened in former seafront shelters. Eastbourne seems to be

trying to follow the lead of Brighton in making more of its beachfront

for food and entertainment and several cafes and restaurants now open

into the late evening on the shoreline.

DRINK Eastbourne

has plenty of pubs ranging from the traditional to the trendy.

Particularly recommended for those who love- or want to try- the best

local "real ale" are The Marine on Seaside, which also offers

an excellent restaurant and bar menu- all day on Sundays.
The Marine is

always a friendly and comfortable place, but is at its best around

Christmas time, when an extraordinary array of festive lights turns it

into a fairyland to enchant young and old alike. Also recommended are

The Terminus, a
recently-refurbished Harveys of Lewes pub in the town

centre,
and The Lamb

, the oldest pub in Eastbourne in the Old Town area.

Most nightclubs are situated in Langney, Pevensey and Terminus Roads

though the pier with the Atlantis nightspot
was something of a honeypot

for language students and other smart young things.

If

you're looking for something refreshing but not intoxicating, there are

plenty of stops for a cuppa and the usual coffee chains. The Pavilion

Tea Rooms, east of the pier, are recommended for afternoon tea when a

piano player often adds to the polite, typically English ambience of the

place.
Situated

at the foot of the rolling South Downs, The Grand is ideally placed for

exploring the beautiful county of Sussex, with its many attractions.

Meticulously

restored to its former glory by Elite Hotels, the Grand Hotel epitomises

the grandeur of the Victorian era. Affectionately known as 'The White

Palace', it commands breathtaking views of the sea and dramatic cliffs

at Beachy Head. The hotel's strong sense of history is apparent from the

outset. The large gilded columns that line The Grand Hotel, the splendid

chandeliers and high-backed chairs around the roaring log fire, all set

the scene for arriving guests.

There are a number of charming bedrooms, each one unique in layout and

most with breathtaking views overlooking the sea. Decorated in rich

fabrics and fine linens they are perfectly in keeping with the style of

the hotel.

The Health Club at The Grand provides a superbly equipped setting where

guests can enjoy facilities including an indoor swimming pool, which is

open all year round, and an outdoor heated pool during the summer

months. Tuning, toning and trimming are just some of the attractions of

The Grand's Health Club. The Club also enjoys a wide range of activities

and leisure pursuits. From relaxing beauty treatments to muscle-testing

technology in the gym, elegant coiffure in the hair salon to cue control

on the snooker table, it exercises both body and soul.

SLEEP Most

of the town's 4 and 5 star hotels are, unsurprisingly, located on the

seafront and generally
to the more rural-looking and higher Western end

of the seafront. These include The Hydro, once featured in a TV Agatha

Christie adaptation,
and The Grand Hotel

- which is a classical five star

hotel


, yet run in a

friendly atmosphere. For

those on more modest budgets, there are plenty of family-run, welcoming

small hotels
or "bed and breakfast" establishments, plus

self-catering flatlets and campsites on the edge of town. The town's

Youth Hostel is
located in a very picturesque spot on top of the Downs

going out of town westwards, near one of the golf links.


Information

on accommodation, eating and drinking and events is available from the

excellent Tourist Information Centre on Cornfield Road in the centre of

town, open 7 days a week in peak season normally til at least 5.00 p.m.

AIRBOURNE

Airbourne, also known as Eastbourne International Airshow, is a 4-day international air show run every August in Eastbourne, East Sussex, England. The event features Battle of Britain memorial flights and aircraft from the RAF and USAF, among others, and enjoys a long relationship with the Red Arrows display team.

Started in 1993, the show is run by Eastbourne Borough Council, who claim it contributes to the

millions of pounds

which tourism bring to the town.

A dedicated FM radio station, "

Radio

Airbourne", broadcasts on 87.7FM during the event.

In 2008, Eastbourne Borough Council controversially decided to charge a £5 admission fee, in order to meet the show's rising costs, having failed to find a major sponsor. However, with visitor numbers down on previous

years and the additional cost of security during the event, the organizers

were left with a £170k operational loss, and an inquiry was ordered. Five senior members of staff at Eastbourne Borough Council were made redundant in late 2009 as part of a cost-cutting exercise.

The organizers remained confident that there would be an event in 2009, but admitted that lessons would have to be learnt, and the funding of the event reviewed. Council leader David Tutt said:

"We will be investigating what went right, what went wrong and looking very seriously at ways of ensuring the event for future years."

A 2009 event did take

place. In 2015 the event again took place, on the weekend of the 11-14th

August, despite the stark statistics of another looming disaster - but

it was Shoreham that made the headlines this time (see below).

Eastbourne's Airbourne is an accident waiting to happen.

IS

EASTBOURNE A PHOENIX TOWN

- Never

mind the threat of flooding, or

tsunamis

for the 3,000 homes in this

vulnerable area.

A multimillion pound office development for business start-ups has been welcomed as a “heaven sent opportunity” and a “game changer”.

The ‘Innovation Mall’ development in

Sovereign Harbour

has been awarded £6.5 million in Government funding.

The affordable office space, off Pevensey Bay Road, aims to attract entrepreneurs and vibrant new companies bringing a huge boost to the local economy.

The business hub, expecting to support up to 300 workers, will boost confidence to create additional employment spaces in the area.

Eastbourne Borough Council leader David Tutt is quoted as saying:

“This is going to be an absolute game changer in terms of the future of Sovereign Harbour and the development of the employment land. It will attract new, high-tech businesses that will be of benefit to the area and of East- bourne in general. I’m absolutely delighted.”

The £6.4m funding is loaned from the Government’s Grow- ing Place Fund via the South East Local Enterprise Partnership

( SE LEP ).

The award follows a joint bid by East Sussex County Council and Eastbourne Borough Council, which was put together by Seachange Sussex, a not-for-profit business development company.

It is estimated the loan can be paid back within five years using rents from the office space.

Councillor David Elkin, who represents Sovereign for

East Sussex County Council

, is quoted as saying:

“This very exciting project is the result of a great deal of hard work by many people within East Sussex County Council working closely with their counterparts in Eastbourne Borough Council."

With

all this money sloshing about for regeneration outside of the town, is

it not strange that there were not better safety checks on the Pier,

that might have prevented the blaze.

THE INDEPENDENT AUGUST 2014

- People were crying as we watched our pier burn. Fierce flames leapt up from within the domed arcade of a Victorian structure that has often been voted the nation's favourite pier.

Many were weeping for their childhoods, having grown up with the pier as a place to go for treats or to wander hand-in-hand with a first love. Can I make a confession, though? Part of me is glad the place burned down. I hope it will turn out to be a blessing in disguise.

The skill and bravery of the firefighters saved the iron skeleton of the pier and the best buildings on it, which are at either end. If it can be restored – as seems likely – Eastbourne may once again have a beautiful pier … without that eyesore in the middle.

The large, domed arcade that burned down was lovely in its day but had been unloved for years, a tatty, shabby shame on the town.

We knew it in our family as the Game Shed, where you could go and race tin horses for

tuppences. But, like most families, we stopped going there when game consoles at home took away the need. It became a place for the dead-eyed to spoon coins into what used to be called one-armed bandits before they took away the arms.

On the outside, the paint was blistering, the bird crap dappled the roof and the sea salt was burning holes in the ironwork. The whole pier looked magnificent in blue and white for the film Last Orders in 2001, but, after that, most of it was apparently left to rot.

The owners clearly did not to care how it looked and Eastbourne council seemed to do nothing about the decline of our most famous landmark. That was no surprise.

Conservative and Liberal Democrat

councils have successively mismanaged the prominent features of this lovely town.

Neglect is what happens when the best assets of a community are left to the care of private operators. We used to promenade visitors to the end of the pier, which opened in 1870, but stopped when its condition became a bit of an embarrassment. Still, there is a lot of sympathy in the town for those who work on the pier, and also relief that nobody was hurt.

As we watched the fire, many of us assumed it must have been caused by an electrical fault; but the police have since said they have information to suggest it was "started by someone".

David Cameron and George Osborne

both visited on Friday and promised extra money for the town. This was, of course, in no way a cynical response to Eastbourne being a key marginal. It will be a close,

two-way race between the Conservative candidate and the current MP,

Stephen Lloyd

, who seeks to overcome the liability of being a Lib Dem by working very hard indeed locally. It was unfortunate that he chose to post a selfie on Wednesday with the burning pier in the background.

As fire tore through the pier on Wednesday, reducing its white, domed roof to a charred skeleton, 144 years of history were stripped from the Victorian boardwalk. But the borough council hopes the pier can be salvaged. This is not the first time it has faced a rebuild – half of it was swept away in a storm in 1877.

HOTEL GROUPS

- The Cavendish is now part of the Britannia group of 35

hotels, with the Mansion Lions hotel, also part of a family owned group

of 3 hotels. DAILY MAIL APRIL 2014

- It is always good form to wear a sunhat at the beach - but at one sandy spot today hard hats were more in order.

In Eastbourne, Sussex, today hundreds of tons of gravel were sprayed from just off-shore by a giant dredger drafted in to repair the devastation caused by the huge storms this winter.

Miles and miles of English coast was battered by high winds and powerful waves, which has sped up the rate at which the beach is dwindling. The process of longshore drift - where natural tides gradually shift sand and sediment along the shoreline - was put into overdrive by the unnaturally fierce weather.

In an attempt to restore the shrinking sands, the Environment Agency and local councils have begun using the dredging vessels - such as the Sospan Dau pictured below - to suck up sediment from one point along the beach, mix it with water and spit it back out. The process, known as rainbowing, should help protect the beach in years to come.

COMMENTS -

Old cogger, Birmingham, United Kingdom -

Eastbourne has been doing this for years, ever since the building of the local Marina altered the wash of the tides. I stood on Pevensey beach some 7 years ago and watched the dredger doing the same. It is an ongoing problem, and will continue as long as the groins are not repaired or replaced. I communicated by email with the author of an interesting article in their local paper after I returned home, and as a manager of the local drainage authority, he told me the story.

TRAGEDY Questions

were asked as to the suitability of a council running an air-show, where

a circular economy demands steerage away from fossil

fuels - but here

they were operating new and old aircraft that pump out

CO2

into the atmosphere - all the while running the risk of accidental

deaths .

Airbourne has seen accidents of various severity over the years. On 18 August 2000 former

Red Arrows

pilot Ted Girdler was killed when his Aero L-29 Delfín

jet

failed to pull up from a diving roll and crashed into the

English Channel

. You can only give those who will not see so many signs.

DAILY MAIL SEPT 2010

- This is the moment when a stunt glider slammed into a runway in front of 15,000 horrified fans at an

airshow.

Amazingly pilot Mike Newman, 35, crawled out of the wreckage of the high performance Swift S-1 aircraft after the cockpit broke up on impact.

The former racing driver suffered three broken vertebrae in the accident, but doctors expect him to make a full recovery.

Mr Newman crashed while performing for the Swift Aerobatic Display Team at the Royal Air Forces Association airshow at Shoreham, West Sussex.

Amateur photographer Rob Yuill, 62, of Hornchurch, Essex, who took the amazing sequence of pictures, said: 'He had a very lucky escape indeed.'

'The glider was supposed to perform an aerobatic display with two powered aircraft - but it was a very overcast day with low cloud.'

'The gilder only performed for a couple of minutes before being released from its tow line. Then it flew downwind and turned to make its final approach to land.

TELEGRAPH 25 AUG 2015

- The Shoreham Air Show has long been a great charitable event run for the benefit of the Royal Air Force Association. My wife and I regularly attended when we lived in Sussex, and our hearts went out to all the victims of the disaster and their families this weekend.

The show has a fine safety record, and displays by vintage and classic aircraft have always made it an awe-inspiring attraction. Indeed, the safety record at all such air shows is necessarily impressive. This was the first accident involving spectators or bystanders since the mid-air break-up of the DH110 prototype strike aircraft at Farnborough in 1952. Back then, 29 spectators were killed as well as the pilot and the on-board flight test observer. We still don’t know how many have perished at Shoreham. Nor do we know the reason for the accident.

We do know, though, that flying is, by its very nature, potentially dangerous. As a Cold-War warrior long ago flying the earliest single-seat jet fighters, I neither fired a shot in anger, nor was I ever shot at. But I know all too well the risks involved when you push aircraft to their very limits. Indeed, I bear the scars of my misjudgments.

But those days are long gone and the stringent regulation of air shows and aerobatic displays developed since the 1952 disaster has

minimized the danger to the public.

SHOREHAM

AIR SHOW 22 AUGUST 2015

On

the 22nd of August 2015, a vintage jet aircraft crashed during a display at the Shoreham Airshow in Shoreham-by-Sea, England, killing 11 people and injuring 16 others. It was the deadliest air show accident in the United Kingdom since the 1952 Farnborough air show crash, which killed 31 people.

The aircraft, a Hawker Hunter T7, failed to complete a loop manoeuvre and crashed onto vehicles on the A27 trunk road. The pilot survived the crash, and was placed in a medically-induced coma. As a result of the accident, all Hawker Hunter aircraft in the United Kingdom were grounded, and restrictions were put in place on civilian vintage jet aircraft displays over land, limiting them to

fly-pasts and banning high energy aerobatic maneuvers.

The aircraft was a vintage two-seat Hawker Hunter T7, registration G-BXFI, displaying its former military serial number WV372 as part of its livery. Having first flown for the Royal Air Force (RAF) in July 1955, it was rebuilt following a fire, returning to service in 1959 after conversion to T7 specification. It had been making civilian display flights as a warbird since 1998, under a variety of owners. At the time of the incident, it was owned by Graham Peacock, and based at North Weald Airfield, Essex.

Andy Hill, the 51-year-old pilot, was described by colleagues as experienced, with over 12,000 flight hours. He had worked as a captain at British Airways. He had flown

Harrier

Jump Jets and worked as an instructor for the

RAF

before joining the airline. Aside from the Hawker Hunter, he also flew a Van's Aircraft RV-8 and a BAC Jet Provost at

airshows.

The crash occurred at about 13:20 BST (12:20 UTC); the aircraft did not complete an inside loop aerobatic manoeuvre and crashed onto the A27 road just north of the airport, exploding upon impact and hitting multiple cars. Footage taken of the crash showed a large fireball and plume of smoke immediately following the impact. The aircraft broke into four parts on impact: cockpit, tail, left wing and main body and right wing.

Eleven people on the ground were killed, and 16 others were injured. Those confirmed dead included two players from Worthing United F.C., a level 9 team in English

football

. Eight vehicles were destroyed in the crash, including a Daimler DS420 limousine which was en route to collect a bride to transport her to church for her

wedding

. The driver of the

Daimler

was subsequently confirmed as one of the victims. So far, 10 of the 11 victims have been named:

Hill, the pilot, survived the crash with serious injuries. He was flown to the Royal Sussex County Hospital in nearby Brighton; his condition was described as critical and he was said to be fighting for his life. He was subsequently placed in a medically-induced coma.

On 22 August police said it was possible that more bodies might be recovered from the scene, and on 24 August announced that up to 20 people might have died in the crash but when the wreckage of the aircraft was removed on 24 August these fears diminished as no further bodies were found. All the recovered components of the aircraft will be taken to the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) facility at Farnborough, Hampshire, for examination.

By 27 August, almost all of the human remains had been recovered and formal identification had begun. Police were said still to believe that it was likely that 11 people were killed.

Airshows are like cat-nip to cash-strapped councils because there is little in the way of ground preparations, with the financial

returns being huge - in terms of tourists coming to spend money in their region.

But is that a responsible approach, or should local authorities be

banned from staging such events.

THE ARGUS MARCH 2015

- Wet wipes, cotton buds and fish-shaped soy sauce dispensers are contributing to the rubbish on our beaches which is twice the amount of the national average.

The latest Marine Conservation Society report into beach litter has revealed East Sussex volunteers cleared away twice the amount of detritus from their beaches than the South East and national average.

The report published this week revealed that 250 volunteers clearing up ten East Sussex beaches found on average almost 4900 items of litter per square kilometre.

It was a slightly more cheering picture across West Sussex where 196 volunteers picking at seven beaches bagged more than 2800 items at an average of 1073 items per square kilometre.

Campaigners said the problem was “not going away anytime soon”.

The biggest litter hauls collected in September’s big clean-up were by the 23 volunteers at Brighton Marina who collected 2054 items, 30 volunteers collecting 2696 items at Ovingdean and 17 volunteers picking up 1606 bits of litter from Brighton beach.

By comparison, 130 volunteers covering Worthing beach from pier to esplanade gathered 565 items while one dedicated and solitary picker at Aldwick gathered 214 bits of litter all by themselves.

The report said that nearly all items of litter, ranging from wet wipes, fishing lines, food wrappers, balloons and lighters, were on the increase with only cigarette packets and cotton buds down while beaches acted as a “magnet” for flytipping.

Surfers Against Sewage volunteer Alistair Feest said the issue was less to do with litter being left behind by the public but “industry generated” pollution – in particular from the fishing industry.

But residents were also at fault for treating the toilets as bins with the result being that thousands of plastic items entered the water system.

Mr Feest said:

“Cotton buds are a big offender, the ends will disappear and they end up looking like lolly sticks and will remain for years all the while releasing harmful chemicals into the water.

“Little bits of plastic look like food to fishes and seabirds which they won’t be able to digest them, it makes them feel full, and they die from starvation because they can’t actually eat.

“The problem is not going away anytime soon.”

Ed Santry, MCS sea champions co-ordinator for the South East, said the UK Government needed to produce National Marine Litter Action Plans for England and Wales, similar to those already produced for Scotland and Northern Ireland.

He added: “The levels of litter can vary from day to day dependent on tides and weather conditions, one day a beach could look pretty clear and the next day it can be completely strewn.”

Surfers Against Sewage will be holding a litter pick from Rottingdean beach meeting near to Molly’s Café at 11am on Sunday March 29.

TELEGRAPH MARCH 2014

- Half a television, a French bulletproof vest and an unopened pack of bacon were among the mountains of litter cleared from British beaches last year.

They were among 223,405 pieces of litter that volunteers bagged up and removed as part of the Beachwatch Big Weekend 2013.

Organisers the Marine Conservation Society said beach litter was increasing and behaviour needed to change.

The 20th anniversary clean-up, which took place over one weekend in September, saw 2,309 items of litter found on every kilometre cleaned - the highest in Beachwatch history.

"This is a disgusting tide of litter which is threatening the safety of beach visitors both human and animal,"

said Lauren Eyles, of the Marine Conservation Society.

"It's coming in from the sea, being blown from the land or simply being dumped and dropped. After 20 years of campaigning it's disheartening that in 2013 we are seeing worse litter levels than ever."

According to campaigners 39% of the litter recovered was dropped by members of the public, 12% was linked to commercial and recreational fishing and 4% with the shipping industry.

Miss Eyles says 2013 was a vintage year for finding strange things on beaches.

"As well as half a TV, a French bulletproof vest and a pack of bacon, there was a brass candlestick, some plastic bird feet, a birdcage, a bath plug, half a canoe and a set of dentures," she said.

Top of the finds was once again plastic pieces.

These are tiny bits of plastic that have broken off larger items or have been in the sea for possibly decades and become smaller and smaller.

"Plastic is a real issue for our oceans and beaches," Miss Eyles said.

"This year we also picked up lots of lids and caps. However, despite it being a really warm summer, we saw less crisp, sweets and lolly wrappers and fewer plastic bottles."

THE BLUE ECONOMY In

their public relations blurb Eastbourne Borough Council tell us how

clean their beaches are. The stark reality is the complete opposite, as

the pictures on this page of Sussex beaches reveal. What

about this council's commitment to the blue economy? That is the whole

point, we can see nothing that tells us that Eastbourne is doing

anything positive about the

plastic

waste that in choking the high seas with toxins that are now finding

their way onto out plates, mostly on Fridays, when traditional fish and

chips is on the menu.

Instead,

giant dredgers are employed to spray pebbles back up the beaches,

burying the problem, that will just come back to haunt our children in

years to come.

"Mummy, why can't we eat fish anymore"

Because there are not enough in the ocean today for

fishermen

to catch, and what is there is poisonous." "But Mum, how did

that happen?" "Well, nobody in authority seemed to care enough

to do anything about it."

In

January of 2015 the Department for Local Communities and Local

Government told that Eastbourne borough council would receive £1.8

million to regenerate the Devonshire Ward in Eastbourne by developing

new leisure and business facilities, improving the public realm and

promoting local artists and providing training. It is said that this

grant will create 118 jobs. We wonder how much of that money will be

spent alerting the public to the horror of ocean waste?

WATER SPORTS PAGEANT

- In percentage terms very few members of the public

know about the (plastic) litter problem that the world is facing.

Councils around the UK are not telling holiday makers about the state of

their beaches, because they want tourist dollars at any cost - in this

case silence about an issue that

Barack Obama

describes as a risk to US homeland security appears

irresponsible. The

Miss Ocean™ competition is designed to inform everyman in a way that

is easy to digest, unlike the waste that fish and even plankton are

consuming, then passing accumulated toxins to us humans as we eat our

seafood, oblivious to the dangers of the deep. The

shark in Jaws

was mild by comparison. Perhaps

Steven Spielberg

needs to get in on the act!

EXTERNAL LINKS V isit Eastbourne Airbourne W ikipedia Airbourne_air_show T he Argus UK news business_centre_in_Sovereign_Harbour_will_be_a_heaven_sent_opportunity Yorkpress UK news Sussex_beaches_are_a_magnet_for_flytipping_as_new_figures_reveal_huge_litter_problem G overnment

news record funding for 36 seaside towns that will kick start jobs and

apprenticeships E astbourne

Herald news local beach litter putting wildlife at risk

Daily

Mail Eastbourne dredger throws hundreds tons gravel beach bid repair

damage winter storms Independent

the-end-of-another-pier tears have dried over blaze in Eastbourne but

why was the pride of town allowed to decay

D ailymail

Shoreham air crash pilot escapes stunt glider smashes runway

E astbourne

about the councillors and committees mayor

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Eastbourne Borough Council official website Official tourist site 2001 Census profile for Eastbourne Hastings Direct tennis championship official website East Magazine

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International Folk Dance Group

East Magazine Eastbourne Dynamos Football Club official website Mellon's Books

Secondhand and new books in Eastbourne

Enterprise Centre

56 shops all owned independently

http://www.bhs.co.uk/ http://www.boots.com/ http://www.eastbournearndaleshopping.co.uk/ http://www.eastbourne.gov.uk/about-the-council/councillors-and-committees/mayor/about/ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3112537/Former-mayor-killed-car-rolled-unloaded-shopping.html http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1311828/Shoreham-air-crash-pilot-escapes-stunt-glider-smashes-runway.html http://www.eastbourneherald.co.uk/news/local/beach-litter-putting-wildlife-at-risk-1-6659213 https://www.gov.uk/government/news/record-funding-for-36-seaside-towns-that-will-kick-start-jobs-and-apprenticeships https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airbourne_%28air_show%29 http://www.visiteastbourne.com/airbourne/ http://www.polegate-tc.co.uk/ Eastbourne Airbourne - Youtube SUSSEX

INDEX A - Z

ALFRISTON ARUNDEL CASTLE BATTLE BATTLE ABBEY BATTLE OF HASTINGS BEACHY HEAD - BELL

TOOT (BELLE TOUT) LIGHTHOUSE

BEXHILL BIRLING GAP BODIAM CASTLE BRIGHTON CHICHESTER CHIDDINGLY - HORSE SHOW and GYMKHANA CROWBOROUGH CUCKMERE VALLEY - EXCEAT DISTRICT AND BOROUGH COUNCILS EAST SUSSEX EASTBOURNE - EASTBOURNE PIER FIRLE FIRLE BONFIRE SOCIETY GLYNDE GUY FAWKES HAILSHAM HASTINGS HEATHFIELD HERSTMONCEUX - MUSEUM LEWES LEWES DISTRICT COUNCIL NEWHAVEN PEVENSEY CASTLE RYE SEAFORD SEVEN SISTERS SUSSEX SUSSEX

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