GeoHack - DB0TK (Loc JN69ba99np), Regensburg

Wikipedia articles

Other information

North America


Service Other
GPS Visualizer Topo
National Atlas of Canada Topo
TopoQuest Topo

United States

Service Aspect
CalTopo Topo
GPS Visualizer USDA Aerial, USGS Topo
Historic Aerials Historic Aerials
NASA/MSFC GOES Weather Satellite
National Weather Service Area weather and forecast
Graphical hourly pinpoint forecast
TerraFly Satellite
TopoQuest USGS Aerial, Topo Topo
US EPA Watershed Info
USGS National Map Viewer Map, Legacy TNM

Europe A–M


Service Map Satellite
Austrian map (max 1:50,000) Map


Service Map
Kärnten Atlas (Carinthia) Map
NÖ Atlas (Lower Austria) Map
DORIS interMap (Upper Austria) Map
SAGIS (Salzburg) Map
Digitaler Atlas Steiermark (Styria) Map
tirisMaps (Tyrol) Map
VoGIS (Vorarlberg) Map


Service Map Satellite Map Satellite
Yandex Maps Map Satellite
Kosmosnimki Satellite Navitel Map


Service Map Satellite Map Satellite


Service Map
Cyprus on-line Map

Czech Republic

Service Map Satellite Other Map Labeled satellite Historical, Touristic
iDnes Map Cadastral Map on


Service Map Map with Wikipedia Map
Eniro Map


Service Map
Estonian Land Board Orthophoto/Map


Service Map Other
Eniro Map Oblique
National Land Survey of Finland MapSite Map Map


Service Map Other
eKarjala Map
Espoo Map
Helsinki Map
Hämeenlinna Map
Jyväskylä Map
Kokkola Map
Kotka Map
Kouvola Map
Kuopio Map
Lahti Map
Lappeenranta Map
Oulu Map
Pohjois-Karjala Map
Pori Map
Rauma Map
Rovaniemi Map
Tampere Map
Turku Map
Vaasa Map
Vantaa Map
Retkikartta Topographical map


Service Map Aerial Other
FranceTopo Topo
IGN Géoportail Map Aerial Cadastral, Geological, Cassini (18th century)

Great Britain

OS Grid Reference: (all-numeric format: 1433404 1843)

Service Map Topo Aerial Other
Bing Maps UK Map OS maps Aerial Bird's Eye
StreetMap Map OS maps Convert
Vision of Britain historical maps Map OS maps
Ordnance Survey OS maps See other OS
map links below
Defra's MAGIC service Map
Elgin roadworks information Map
National Library of Scotland OS maps
ViaMichelin UK Map Traffic
Old OS maps OS maps
Where's the Path? Map
SABRE Maps Map OS maps
Systematic Maps Cloudmade maps OS maps
(from mySociety)
Containing areas
(ward, constituency, etc.)
British Geological Survey Geology
Service Information
Geograph Britain and Ireland Photos
UKVillages villages Postal code and local government View land use


Service Map Map Map


Service Map
Já.is Map

Isle of Man

OS Grid Reference: (all-numeric format: 1433404 1843)

Service Map
Multimap Map
StreetMap Map
Ordnance Survey OS Maps Map


Service Map
ViaMichelin Italia Map


Service Map Map
Swisstopo Map Map Map
Mapplus/Tydac Map

Europe N–Z


Service Map Aerial Hybrid Other Map Aerial Sea, Terrain, Basic
Norge i bilder Aerial
Høydedata Map
Norkart Virtual Globe Satellite Map Aerial Hybrid Map Aerial Hybrid Sea, Oblique
1881 Map Aerial Hybrid Oblique
Statens Vegvesen Map Aerial Traffic Map

Svalbard and Jan Mayen


Service Map Aerial
TopoSvalbard Map Aerial Svalbard

Jan Mayen

Service Map Aerial
TopoJanMayen Map Aerial Jan Mayen


Service Map
Mapa Polski Targeo Map Map
Zumi Map
Autopilot Map
Polish Railways Map Map


Service Map
Instituto Geográfico do Exército
Requires Internet Explorer
Continente (Portuguese mainland)
Continente e Ilhas


Service Map Satellite
Yandex.Maps Map Satellite
Yandex.Maps English Map Satellite
Kosmosnimki Map Satellite Map
Rambler-Maps Map Map Satellite
eAtlas Map
Navitel Map
Roscosmos Geoportal Map Satellite (DoubleGIS) [2] [3] [4]


Service Map
Mapy. Map Map


Service Map Orthophoto Other
Geopedia Map Orthophoto Terrain
GeaBios Map
Gaea+ 3D Satellite


Service Coverage Map
SigPac all Map
Vissir – ICC Catalonia Map
Nomecalles Community of Madrid Map


Service Map Satellite Other
Eniro Map Labeled satellite View Map Satellite


Swiss Grid coordinates: 0 / 0

Service Cantons covered Map all Map all Map all Map
Mapplus/Tydac all Map St. Gallen, Appenzell Map
AGISviewer Kanton Aargau Aargau Map
GeoPortal Basel-Stadt Basel-City Map
geoView.BL Basel-Country Map
GéoPortail du Canton de Jura Jura Map
SITN Neuchâtel Map
GIS Schaffhausen Schaffhausen Map
GeoShop vs.geo Valais Map
ZugMap Zug Map
GIS-Zentrum Kanton Zürich Zurich Map


Service Map Satellite Map Satellite
Visicom Maps Map
Yandex Maps Map Satellite
Kosmosnimki Satellite Navitel Map



Service Map Other Map
Bonzle Digital Atlas Map Terrain Slice
Australian Geographic Reference Image Aerial (via OpenStreetMap)



Service Map
Google 地图 Map
Baidu Map
Due to restrictions on geographic data in China, all Chinese map services provide distored maps that show shifts with GeoHack's coordinates. You may get coordinates correct for these maps from this link. (Use "WGS → BD" for Baidu and "WGS → GCJ" for all other services including Google.)


Unfortunately we don't have any Palestinian map links. However, Israeli maps tend to cover the State of Palestine fairly well.


Service Map Satellite Topo Historical Other
Amud Anan
עמוד ענן
Topo 1880
govmap Map Sat. [hybrid] Topo 1935 1940 3D buildings alt.

City specific

Service City Map Historical Other
govmap Haifa 1919
Jerusalem 1926
Tel Aviv 1930


Service Map Satellite Other
Geographical Survey Institute/CyberJapan Topo/Aerial, WebGL 3D
Mapion Map
MapFan Web Map
Yahoo! Japan Map Aero
Goo Map
Its-mo Guide Map


Service Map Satellite
Yandex Maps Map Satellite
Kosmosnimki Satellite Navitel Map


Service Map
Google Монгол Map


Service Map
Gothere Map


Service Map
Urmap Map


Service Map
PointAsia Map[dead link]

South America


South Africa

Service Language Coverage Type
Chief Directorate: National Geo-spatial Information aerial South Africa Aerial Imagery (via OpenStreetMap)

International waters (XZ)

No specific resources added yet.

Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

The GeoTemplate can be invoked by using {{Coord}}. An external tool fills the template with the coordinates data as described on this page.


GeoHack (the tool that fills GeoTemplate with working links) takes two inputs:

  • URL parameters: Coordinates are given in one of the following formats: D_M_S_N_D_M_S_E, D_M_N_D_M_E, D_N_D_E, or D;D where D is degrees, M is minutes, S is seconds, and NS/EW are the directions. They can be followed by coordinate parameters such as type, scale and region, separated by underscores. On Wikipedia the URL is generated by coordinate templates.
    For example, the wikitext {{coord|51|28|40|N|0|0|6|W|type:landmark_scale:2000_region:GB}} becomes params=51_28_40_N_0_0_6_W_type:landmark_scale:2000_region:GB in the URL.
  • The template page (contents of GeoTemplate) where variables are replaced with values computed from the data given in the URL. The rest of this page documents the available variables.


GeoHack provides the following variables based on the given coordinates (51_28_40_N_0_0_6_W in the example above).

  • Latitude/longitude
    • 49, 12WGS84 Absolute integer degrees
    • 49.040167, 12.162861, -12.162861WGS84 Total decimal degrees
    • 49.040167, 12.162861, -12.162861WGS84 Absolute decimal degrees
    • 49, 12WGS84 Floored integer degrees
    • 49, 12WGS84 Rounded integer degrees
    • 2.41, 9.7717WGS84 Decimal minutes
    • 2, 9WGS84 Integer minutes
    • N, EWGS84 Direction of absolute integer degrees
    • 24.6, 46.3WGS84 Decimal seconds
    • 24, 46WGS84 Integer seconds
    • -49.040167, -167.837139 – Antipodes of 49.040167, 12.162861
  • UTM
    • 5435799 292663 33UUTM coordinate
    • 5435799, 292663 – Northing and easting for special cases

Other national grids supported through specific tools: Finland (tools:~para/kkj.php), Tokyo datum (tools:~para/cgi-bin/wgs2tky)


GeoHack accepts a scale parameter (scale:2000 in the example above) which it uses to provide scaling or zoom values for different mapping services.

Name Used by Formula
300000 Virtual Globe supplied in URL via scale or calculated based on type
200000 Multimap closest scale value accepted by Multimap (see mapsources.php)
0.3 Google Maps, WikiMapia scale / 1000000
42 MSN Maps, Fourmilab, Swissinfo integer( scale * 143 / 1000000)
5 MapQuest, Gule Sider integer(18.0 - log(scale))
11 OpenStreetMap, Live Search Maps 18 - ( round(log( scale ,2) - log(1693,2)) )

GeoHack accepts a type parameter (type:landmark in the example above) from which it will calculate a scale value when none is supplied. The following chart shows the types currently understood by GeoHack, the scale ratio associated with each, plus the additional variables calculated by GeoHack.

Ratio 300000 200000 0.3 42 5 11
country 1 : 10,000,000 10000000 10000000 10.0 1430 1 5
state 1 : 3,000,000 3000000 4000000 3.0 429 3 7
adm1st 1 : 1,000,000 1000000 1000000 1.0 143 4 9
adm2nd (default) 1 : 300,000 300000 200000 0.3 42 5 11
city, mountain, isle,
river, waterbody
1 : 100,000 100000 100000 0.1 14 6 12
forest, glacier 1 : 50,000 50000 50000 0.05 7 7 13
airport 1 : 30,000 30000 25000 0.03 4 7 14
edu, pass, landmark, railwaystation 1 : 10,000 10000 10000 0.01 1 8 15

The default values can for each type can be overridden by also supplying a scale. For example, type:airport is assigned a 300000 of 30000, while type:airport_scale:10000 uses the supplied 300000 of 10000.

For detailed implementation see mapsources.php


  • , , – Look up page from Wikipedia. See if we have something in Wikipedia:Map sources or equivalent. A subpage can be specified
  • DB0TK (Loc JN69ba99np), Regensburg – The value from the pagename key in the query (e.g. &pagename=Article) (URI scheme#Generic syntax) – FULLPAGENAMEE expected. When used with {{Coord}} this returns the containing article name with whitespace replaced by underscores. For example: Bellevue Botanical Garden becomes Bellevue_Botanical_Garden.
  • DB0TK (Loc JN69ba99np), Regensburg – The value from the title key in the query (e.g. &title=Name). If not given in the query, is the same as DB0TK (Loc JN69ba99np), Regensburg. //

Section coding

When the parameters contain a region or GeoHack finds the region with the coordinates, a matching section is moved to the location marked with the placeholder:

<div id="GEOTEMPLATE-LOCAL"></div>

The region sections are wrapped in an element where the XX of the id is the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code: